Difference between revisions of "2010 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 21"

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==Solution==
 
==Solution==
 
===Solution 1===
 
===Solution 1===
By Vieta's Formulas, we know that <math>a</math> is the sum of the three roots of the polynomial <math>x^3-ax^2+bx-2010</math>.  
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By Vieta's Formulas, we know that <math>a</math> is the sum of the three roots of the polynomial <math>x^3-ax^2+bx-2010</math>. Again Vieta's Formulas tells us that <math>2010</math> is the product of the three integer roots. Also, <math>2010</math> factors into <math>2\cdot3\cdot5\cdot67</math>. But, since there are only three roots to the polynomial, two of the four prime factors must be multiplied so that we are left with three roots. To minimize <math>a</math>, <math>2</math> and <math>3</math> should be multiplied, which means <math>a</math> will be <math>6+5+67=78</math> and the answer is <math>\boxed{\textbf{(A)}}</math>.
Also, 2010 factors into <math>2\cdot3\cdot5\cdot67</math>. But, since there are only three roots to the polynomial, two of the four prime factors must be multiplied so that we are left with three roots. To minimize <math>a</math>, <math>2</math> and <math>3</math> should be multiplied, which means <math>a</math> will be <math>6+5+67=78</math> and the answer is <math>\boxed{\textbf{(A)}}</math>.
 
  
 
===Solution 2===
 
===Solution 2===

Revision as of 19:13, 30 June 2014

Problem

The polynomial $x^3-ax^2+bx-2010$ has three positive integer roots. What is the smallest possible value of $a$?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 78 \qquad \textbf{(B)}\ 88 \qquad \textbf{(C)}\ 98 \qquad \textbf{(D)}\ 108 \qquad \textbf{(E)}\ 118$

Solution

Solution 1

By Vieta's Formulas, we know that $a$ is the sum of the three roots of the polynomial $x^3-ax^2+bx-2010$. Again Vieta's Formulas tells us that $2010$ is the product of the three integer roots. Also, $2010$ factors into $2\cdot3\cdot5\cdot67$. But, since there are only three roots to the polynomial, two of the four prime factors must be multiplied so that we are left with three roots. To minimize $a$, $2$ and $3$ should be multiplied, which means $a$ will be $6+5+67=78$ and the answer is $\boxed{\textbf{(A)}}$.

Solution 2

We can expand $(x+a)(x+b)(x+c)$ as $(x^2+ax+bx+ab)(x+c)$

$(x^2+ax+bx+ab)(x+c)=x^3+abx+acx+bcx+abx^2+acx^2+bcx^2+abc=x^3+x^2(a+b+c)+x(ab+ac+bc)+abc$

We do not care about $+bx$ in this case, because we are only looking for a. We know that the constant term is $-2010=-(2*3*5*67)$ We are trying to minimize a, such that we have $-ax^2$ Since we have three positive solutions, we have $(x-a)(x-b)(x-c)$ as our factors. We have to combine two of the factors of $2*3*5*67$, and then sum up the $3$ resulting factors. Since we are minimizing, we choose $2$ and $3$ to combine together. We get $(x-6)(x-5)(x-67)$ which gives us a coefficient of $x^2$ of $-6-5-67=-78$ Therefore $-a=-78$ or $a=\boxed{\textbf{(A)78}}$

See Also

2010 AMC 10A (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 20
Followed by
Problem 22
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions

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