2012 AIME II Problems/Problem 15
Triangle is inscribed in circle with , , and . The bisector of angle meets side at and circle at a second point . Let be the circle with diameter . Circles and meet at and a second point . Then , where and are relatively prime positive integers. Find .
Use the angle bisector theorem to find , , and use the Stewart's Theorem to find . Use Power of the Point to find , and so . Use law of cosines to find , hence as well, and is equilateral, so .
I'm sure there is a more elegant solution from here, but instead we do'll some hairy law of cosines:
Adding these two and simplifying we get:
(2). Ah, but (since lies on ), and we can find using the law of cosines:
, and plugging in we get .
Also, , and (since is on the circle with diameter ), so .
Plugging in all our values into equation (2), we get:
, or .
Finally, we plug this into equation (1), yielding:
or The answer is .
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