Difference between revisions of "2012 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 21"
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− | When you see a and 2a, | + | [[Category: Introductory Geometry Problems]] |
− | Drawing the points out, it is possible to have a diagram where b= | + | ==Problem== |
− | So, b= | + | Four distinct points are arranged on a plane so that the segments connecting them have lengths <math>a</math>, <math>a</math>, <math>a</math>, <math>a</math>, <math>2a</math>, and <math>b</math>. What is the ratio of <math>b</math> to <math>a</math>? |
+ | |||
+ | <math>\textbf{(A)}\ \sqrt{3}\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 2\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \sqrt{5}\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 3\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \pi</math> | ||
+ | |||
+ | |||
+ | ==Solution== | ||
+ | |||
+ | When you see that there are lengths a and 2a, one could think of 30-60-90 triangles. Since all of the other's lengths are a, you could think that <math>b=\sqrt{3}a</math>. | ||
+ | Drawing the points out, it is possible to have a diagram where <math>b=\sqrt{3}a</math>. It turns out that <math>a,</math> <math>2a,</math> and <math>b</math> could be the lengths of a 30-60-90 triangle, and the other 3 <math>a\text{'s}</math> can be the lengths of an equilateral triangle formed from connecting the dots. | ||
+ | So, <math>b=\sqrt{3}a</math>, so <math>b:a= \boxed{\textbf{(A)} \: \sqrt{3}}</math> | ||
+ | <asy>draw((0, 0)--(1/2, sqrt(3)/2)--(1, 0)--cycle); | ||
+ | draw((1/2, sqrt(3)/2)--(2, 0)--(1,0)); | ||
+ | label("$a$", (0, 0)--(1, 0), S); | ||
+ | label("$a$", (1, 0)--(2, 0), S); | ||
+ | label("$a$", (0, 0)--(1/2, sqrt(3)/2), NW); | ||
+ | label("$a$", (1, 0)--(1/2, sqrt(3)/2), NE); | ||
+ | label("$b=\sqrt{3}a$", (1/2, sqrt(3)/2)--(2, 0), NE); | ||
+ | </asy> | ||
+ | |||
+ | == Solution 2 == | ||
+ | |||
+ | For any <math>4</math> non-collinear points with the given requirement, notice that there must be a triangle with side lengths <math>a</math>, <math>a</math>, <math>2a</math>, which is not possible as <math>a+a=2a</math>. Thus at least <math>3</math> of the <math>4</math> points must be collinear. | ||
+ | |||
+ | If all <math>4</math> points are collinear, then there would only be <math>3</math> lines of length <math>a</math>, which wouldn't work. | ||
+ | |||
+ | If exactly <math>3</math> points are collinear, the only possibility that works is when a <math>30^{\circ}-90^{\circ}-60^{\circ}</math> triangle is formed. | ||
+ | |||
+ | Thus <math>b=\sqrt{3}a</math>, or <math>\frac{b}{a}=\sqrt{3} \boxed{\mathrm{(A)}}</math> | ||
+ | |||
+ | ~ Nafer | ||
+ | |||
+ | |||
+ | == Solution (using the answer choices) == | ||
+ | |||
+ | We know that <math>a-b-2a</math> form a triangle. From triangle inequality, we see that <math>b>a</math>. Then, we also see that there is an isosceles triangle with lengths <math>a-a-b</math>. From triangle inequality: <math>b<2a</math>. The only answer choice that holds these two inequalities is: <math>\sqrt{3}</math>. | ||
+ | |||
+ | |||
+ | ==Video Solution by Richard Rusczyk== | ||
+ | https://artofproblemsolving.com/videos/amc/2012amc10b/271 | ||
+ | |||
+ | ~dolphin7 | ||
+ | |||
+ | == See Also == | ||
+ | |||
+ | |||
+ | {{AMC10 box|year=2012|ab=B|num-b=20|num-a=22}} | ||
+ | {{MAA Notice}} |
Latest revision as of 20:38, 5 September 2020
Contents
Problem
Four distinct points are arranged on a plane so that the segments connecting them have lengths , , , , , and . What is the ratio of to ?
Solution
When you see that there are lengths a and 2a, one could think of 30-60-90 triangles. Since all of the other's lengths are a, you could think that . Drawing the points out, it is possible to have a diagram where . It turns out that and could be the lengths of a 30-60-90 triangle, and the other 3 can be the lengths of an equilateral triangle formed from connecting the dots. So, , so
Solution 2
For any non-collinear points with the given requirement, notice that there must be a triangle with side lengths , , , which is not possible as . Thus at least of the points must be collinear.
If all points are collinear, then there would only be lines of length , which wouldn't work.
If exactly points are collinear, the only possibility that works is when a triangle is formed.
Thus , or
~ Nafer
Solution (using the answer choices)
We know that form a triangle. From triangle inequality, we see that . Then, we also see that there is an isosceles triangle with lengths . From triangle inequality: . The only answer choice that holds these two inequalities is: .
Video Solution by Richard Rusczyk
https://artofproblemsolving.com/videos/amc/2012amc10b/271
~dolphin7
See Also
2012 AMC 10B (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 20 |
Followed by Problem 22 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | ||
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions |
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