Difference between revisions of "2013 AMC 12B Problems/Problem 19"

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== See also ==
 
== See also ==
 
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{{AMC10 box|year=2013|ab=B|num-b=22|num-a=24}}
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[[Category:Introductory Geometry Problems]]
 
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Revision as of 22:44, 22 November 2013

The following problem is from both the 2013 AMC 12B #19 and 2013 AMC 10B #23, so both problems redirect to this page.

Problem

In triangle $ABC$, $AB=13$, $BC=14$, and $CA=15$. Distinct points $D$, $E$, and $F$ lie on segments $\overline{BC}$, $\overline{CA}$, and $\overline{DE}$, respectively, such that $\overline{AD}\perp\overline{BC}$, $\overline{DE}\perp\overline{AC}$, and $\overline{AF}\perp\overline{BF}$. The length of segment $\overline{DF}$ can be written as $\frac{m}{n}$, where $m$ and $n$ are relatively prime positive integers. What is $m+n$?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 18\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 21\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 24\qquad\textbf{(D)}}\ 27\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 30$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Extra }, or forgotten $.)

Solution

Since $\angle{AFB}=\angle{ADB}=90$, quadrilateral $ABDF$ is cyclic. It follows that $\angle{ADE}=\angle{ABF}$. In addition, since $\angle{AFB}=\angle{AED}=90$, triangles $ABF$ and $ADE$ are similar. It follows that $AF=(13)(\frac{4}{5}), BF=(13)(\frac{3}{5})$. By Ptolemy, we have $13DF+(5)(13)(\frac{4}{5})=(12)(13)(\frac{3}{5})$. Cancelling $13$, the rest is easy. We obtain $DF=\frac{16}{5}\implies{16+5=21}\implies{\boxed{(B)}}$

-Solution by thecmd999

See also

2013 AMC 12B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 18
Followed by
Problem 20
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions

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