Difference between revisions of "2014 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 16"
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From the diagram in Solution 1, let <math>e</math> be the height of <math>XHY</math> and <math>f</math> be the height of <math>XFY</math>. It is clear that their sum is <math>1</math> as they are parallel to <math>GD</math>. Let <math>k</math> be the ratio of the sides of the similar triangles <math>XFY</math> and <math>AFB</math>, which are similar because <math>XY</math> is parallel to <math>AB</math> and the triangles share angle <math>F</math>. Then <math>k = f/2</math>, as 2 is the height of <math>AFB</math>. Since <math>XHY</math> and <math>DHC</math> are similar for the same reasons as <math>XFY</math> and <math>AFB</math>, the height of <math>XHY</math> will be equal to the base, like in <math>DHC</math>, making <math>XY = e</math>. However, <math>XY</math> is also the base of <math>XFY</math>, so <math>k = e / AB</math> where <math>AB = 1</math> so <math>k = e</math>. Subbing into <math>k = f/2</math> gives a system of linear equations, <math>e + f = 1</math> and <math>e = f/2</math>. Solving yields <math>e = XY = 1/3</math> and <math>f = 2/3</math>, and since the area of the kite is simply the product of the two diagonals over <math>2</math> and <math>HF = 1</math>, our answer is <math>\dfrac{\dfrac{1}{3} \cdot 1}{2} = \boxed{\textbf{(E)} \: \dfrac16}</math>. | From the diagram in Solution 1, let <math>e</math> be the height of <math>XHY</math> and <math>f</math> be the height of <math>XFY</math>. It is clear that their sum is <math>1</math> as they are parallel to <math>GD</math>. Let <math>k</math> be the ratio of the sides of the similar triangles <math>XFY</math> and <math>AFB</math>, which are similar because <math>XY</math> is parallel to <math>AB</math> and the triangles share angle <math>F</math>. Then <math>k = f/2</math>, as 2 is the height of <math>AFB</math>. Since <math>XHY</math> and <math>DHC</math> are similar for the same reasons as <math>XFY</math> and <math>AFB</math>, the height of <math>XHY</math> will be equal to the base, like in <math>DHC</math>, making <math>XY = e</math>. However, <math>XY</math> is also the base of <math>XFY</math>, so <math>k = e / AB</math> where <math>AB = 1</math> so <math>k = e</math>. Subbing into <math>k = f/2</math> gives a system of linear equations, <math>e + f = 1</math> and <math>e = f/2</math>. Solving yields <math>e = XY = 1/3</math> and <math>f = 2/3</math>, and since the area of the kite is simply the product of the two diagonals over <math>2</math> and <math>HF = 1</math>, our answer is <math>\dfrac{\dfrac{1}{3} \cdot 1}{2} = \boxed{\textbf{(E)} \: \dfrac16}</math>. | ||
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+ | =Solution 4= | ||
+ | Let the unmarked vertices of the shaded area be labeled <math>I</math> and <math>J</math>, with <math>I</math> being closer to <math>GD</math> than <math>J</math>. Noting that kite <math>HJFI</math> can be split into triangles <math>HJI</math> and <math>JIF</math>. Because <math>HJI</math> and <math>JIF</math> are similar to <math>HDC</math> and <math>ABF</math>, we know that the distance from line segment <math>JI</math> to <math>H</math> is half the distance from <math>JI</math> to <math>F</math>. Because kite <math>HJFI</math> is orthodiagonal, we multiply <math>(1*(1/3))/2 = \boxed{\textbf{(E)} \: \frac{1}{6}}</math> | ||
==See Also== | ==See Also== |
Revision as of 16:28, 2 February 2015
Problem
In rectangle , , , and points , , and are midpoints of , , and , respectively. Point is the midpoint of . What is the area of the shaded region?
Solution 1
Denote . Then . Let the intersection of and be , and the intersection of and be . Then we want to find the coordinates of so we can find . From our points, the slope of is , and its -intercept is just . Thus the equation for is . We can also quickly find that the equation of is . Setting the equations equal, we have . Because of symmetry, we can see that the distance from to is also , so . Now the area of the kite is simply the product of the two diagonals over . Since the length , our answer is .
Solution 2
Let the area of the shaded region be . Let the other two vertices of the kite be and with closer to than . Note that . The area of is and the area of is . We will solve for the areas of and in terms of x by noting that the area of each triangle is the length of the perpendicular from to and to respectively. Because the area of = based on the area of a kite formula, for diagonals of length and , . So each perpendicular is length . So taking our numbers and plugging them into gives us Solving this equation for gives us
Solution 3
From the diagram in Solution 1, let be the height of and be the height of . It is clear that their sum is as they are parallel to . Let be the ratio of the sides of the similar triangles and , which are similar because is parallel to and the triangles share angle . Then , as 2 is the height of . Since and are similar for the same reasons as and , the height of will be equal to the base, like in , making . However, is also the base of , so where so . Subbing into gives a system of linear equations, and . Solving yields and , and since the area of the kite is simply the product of the two diagonals over and , our answer is .
Solution 4
Let the unmarked vertices of the shaded area be labeled and , with being closer to than . Noting that kite can be split into triangles and . Because and are similar to and , we know that the distance from line segment to is half the distance from to . Because kite is orthodiagonal, we multiply
See Also
2014 AMC 10A (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 15 |
Followed by Problem 17 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | ||
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions |
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