Difference between revisions of "2014 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 5"

 
(One intermediate revision by the same user not shown)
Line 6: Line 6:
 
<math> \textbf{(A)}\ 1\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 2\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 3\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 4\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 5</math>
 
<math> \textbf{(A)}\ 1\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 2\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 3\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 4\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 5</math>
  
==Solution==
+
==Solution 1==
 
Without loss of generality, let there be <math>20</math> students (the least whole number possible) who took the test. We have <math>2</math> students score <math>70</math> points, <math>7</math> students score <math>80</math> points, <math>6</math> students score <math>90</math> points and <math>5</math> students score <math>100</math> points. Therefore, the mean
 
Without loss of generality, let there be <math>20</math> students (the least whole number possible) who took the test. We have <math>2</math> students score <math>70</math> points, <math>7</math> students score <math>80</math> points, <math>6</math> students score <math>90</math> points and <math>5</math> students score <math>100</math> points. Therefore, the mean
 
is <math>87</math> and the median is <math>90</math>.
 
is <math>87</math> and the median is <math>90</math>.
  
 
Thus, the solution is <cmath>90-87=3\implies\boxed{\textbf{(C)} \ 3}</cmath>
 
Thus, the solution is <cmath>90-87=3\implies\boxed{\textbf{(C)} \ 3}</cmath>
 +
 +
==Solution 2==
 +
The percentage who scored <math>100</math> points is <math>100\%-(10\%+35\%+30\%)=100\%-75\%=25\%</math>. Now, we need to find the median, which is the score that splits the upper and lower <math>50\%</math>.The lower <math>10\%+35\%=45\%</math> scored <math>70</math> or <math>80</math> points, so the median is <math>90</math> (since the upper <math>25\%</math> is <math>100</math> points and the lower <math>45\%</math> is <math>70</math> or <math>80</math>).The mean is <math>10\%\cdot70+35\%\cdot80+30\%\cdot90+25\%\cdot100=7+28+27+25=87</math>.
 +
So, our solution is <math>90-87=3\Rightarrow\boxed{3 \ \textbf{(C)} }</math> ~sosiaops
  
 
==Video Solution==
 
==Video Solution==

Latest revision as of 21:24, 18 January 2021

The following problem is from both the 2014 AMC 12A #5 and 2014 AMC 10A #5, so both problems redirect to this page.

Problem

On an algebra quiz, $10\%$ of the students scored $70$ points, $35\%$ scored $80$ points, $30\%$ scored $90$ points, and the rest scored $100$ points. What is the difference between the mean and median score of the students' scores on this quiz?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 1\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 2\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 3\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 4\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 5$

Solution 1

Without loss of generality, let there be $20$ students (the least whole number possible) who took the test. We have $2$ students score $70$ points, $7$ students score $80$ points, $6$ students score $90$ points and $5$ students score $100$ points. Therefore, the mean is $87$ and the median is $90$.

Thus, the solution is \[90-87=3\implies\boxed{\textbf{(C)} \ 3}\]

Solution 2

The percentage who scored $100$ points is $100\%-(10\%+35\%+30\%)=100\%-75\%=25\%$. Now, we need to find the median, which is the score that splits the upper and lower $50\%$.The lower $10\%+35\%=45\%$ scored $70$ or $80$ points, so the median is $90$ (since the upper $25\%$ is $100$ points and the lower $45\%$ is $70$ or $80$).The mean is $10\%\cdot70+35\%\cdot80+30\%\cdot90+25\%\cdot100=7+28+27+25=87$. So, our solution is $90-87=3\Rightarrow\boxed{3 \ \textbf{(C)} }$ ~sosiaops

Video Solution

https://youtu.be/Oe-QLPIuTeY

~savannahsolver

See Also

2014 AMC 10A (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 4
Followed by
Problem 6
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions
2014 AMC 12A (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 4
Followed by
Problem 6
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions

The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions. AMC logo.png

Invalid username
Login to AoPS