Difference between revisions of "2016 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 19"

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Since <math>\triangle APD \sim \triangle EPB,</math> <math>\frac{DP}{PB}=\frac{AD}{BE}=3.</math> Similarly, <math>\frac{DQ}{QB}=\frac{3}{2}</math>. Call the hypotonuse <math>l</math>. This means that <math>{DQ}=\frac{3l}{5}</math>. Applying similar triangles to <math>{ADP}</math> and <math>{BEP}</math>, we see that <math>\frac{PD}{DB}=\frac{3}{1}</math>. Thus <math>DB=\frac{1}{4}</math>. Therefore, <math>r:s:t=\frac{1}{4}:\frac{2}{5}-\frac{1}{4}:\frac{3}{5}=5:3:12,</math> so <math>r+s+t=\boxed{\textbf{(E) }20.}</math>
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Since <math>\triangle APD \sim \triangle EPB,</math> <math>\frac{DP}{PB}=\frac{AD}{BE}=3.</math> Similarly, <math>\frac{DQ}{QB}=\frac{3}{2}</math>. Call the hypotonuse <math>l</math>. This means that <math>{DQ}=\frac{3l}{5}</math>. Applying similar triangles to <math>{ADP}</math> and <math>{BEP}</math>, we see that <math>\frac{PD}{DB}=\frac{3}{1}</math>. Thus <math>PB=\frac{l}{4}</math>. Therefore, <math>r:s:t=\frac{1}{4}:\frac{2}{5}-\frac{1}{4}:\frac{3}{5}=5:3:12,</math> so <math>r+s+t=\boxed{\textbf{(E) }20.}</math>
  
 
==See Also==
 
==See Also==

Revision as of 23:43, 4 February 2016

Problem

In rectangle $ABCD,$ $AB=6$ and $BC=3$. Point $E$ between $B$ and $C$, and point $F$ between $E$ and $C$ are such that $BE=EF=FC$. Segments $\overline{AE}$ and $\overline{AF}$ intersect $\overline{BD}$ at $P$ and $Q$, respectively. The ratio $BP:PQ:QD$ can be written as $r:s:t$ where the greatest common factor of $r,s,$ and $t$ is $1.$ What is $r+s+t$?

$\textbf{(A) } 7 \qquad \textbf{(B) } 9 \qquad \textbf{(C) } 12 \qquad \textbf{(D) } 15 \qquad \textbf{(E) } 20$

Solution

[asy] size(6cm); pair D=(0,0), C=(6,0), B=(6,3), A=(0,3); draw(A--B--C--D--cycle); draw(B--D); draw(A--(6,2)); draw(A--(6,1)); label("$A$", A, dir(135)); label("$B$", B, dir(45)); label("$C$", C, dir(-45)); label("$D$", D, dir(-135)); label("$Q$", extension(A,(6,1),B,D),dir(-90)); label("$P$", extension(A,(6,2),B,D), dir(90)); label("$F$", (6,1), dir(0)); label("$E$", (6,2), dir(0)); [/asy]

Since $\triangle APD \sim \triangle EPB,$ $\frac{DP}{PB}=\frac{AD}{BE}=3.$ Similarly, $\frac{DQ}{QB}=\frac{3}{2}$. Call the hypotonuse $l$. This means that ${DQ}=\frac{3l}{5}$. Applying similar triangles to ${ADP}$ and ${BEP}$, we see that $\frac{PD}{DB}=\frac{3}{1}$. Thus $PB=\frac{l}{4}$. Therefore, $r:s:t=\frac{1}{4}:\frac{2}{5}-\frac{1}{4}:\frac{3}{5}=5:3:12,$ so $r+s+t=\boxed{\textbf{(E) }20.}$

See Also

2016 AMC 10A (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 18
Followed by
Problem 20
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions
2016 AMC 12A (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 12
Followed by
Problem 14
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions

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