Difference between revisions of "2016 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 23"
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A binary operation <math>\diamondsuit</math> has the properties that <math>a\,\diamondsuit\, (b\,\diamondsuit \,c) = (a\,\diamondsuit \,b)\cdot c</math> and that <math>a\,\diamondsuit \,a=1</math> for all nonzero real numbers <math>a, b,</math> and <math>c</math>. (Here <math>\cdot</math> represents multiplication). The solution to the equation <math>2016 \,\diamondsuit\, (6\,\diamondsuit\, x)=100</math> can be written as <math>\tfrac{p}{q}</math>, where <math>p</math> and <math>q</math> are relatively prime positive integers. What is <math>p+q?</math> | A binary operation <math>\diamondsuit</math> has the properties that <math>a\,\diamondsuit\, (b\,\diamondsuit \,c) = (a\,\diamondsuit \,b)\cdot c</math> and that <math>a\,\diamondsuit \,a=1</math> for all nonzero real numbers <math>a, b,</math> and <math>c</math>. (Here <math>\cdot</math> represents multiplication). The solution to the equation <math>2016 \,\diamondsuit\, (6\,\diamondsuit\, x)=100</math> can be written as <math>\tfrac{p}{q}</math>, where <math>p</math> and <math>q</math> are relatively prime positive integers. What is <math>p+q?</math> | ||
− | + | <math>\textbf{(A) }109\qquad\textbf{(B) }201\qquad\textbf{(C) }301\qquad\textbf{(D) }3049\qquad\textbf{(E) }33,601</math> | |
==Solution== | ==Solution== | ||
Revision as of 19:16, 3 February 2016
A binary operation has the properties that and that for all nonzero real numbers and . (Here represents multiplication). The solution to the equation can be written as , where and are relatively prime positive integers. What is
Solution
We see that , and think of division. Testing, we see that the first condition is satisfied, because . Therefore, division is the operation . Solving the equation, , so , so the answer is (A)
See Also
2016 AMC 10A (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 22 |
Followed by Problem 24 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | ||
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions |
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