2017 AIME II Problems/Problem 10

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Rectangle $ABCD$ has side lengths $AB=84$ and $AD=42$. Point $M$ is the midpoint of $\overline{AD}$, point $N$ is the trisection point of $\overline{AB}$ closer to $A$, and point $O$ is the intersection of $\overline{CM}$ and $\overline{DN}$. Point $P$ lies on the quadrilateral $BCON$, and $\overline{BP}$ bisects the area of $BCON$. Find the area of $\triangle CDP$.


[asy] pair A,B,C,D,M,n,O,P; A=(0,42);B=(84,42);C=(84,0);D=(0,0);M=(0,21);n=(28,42);O=(12,18);P=(32,13); fill(C--D--P--cycle,lightgray); draw(A--B--C--D--cycle); draw(C--M); draw(D--n); draw(B--P); draw(D--P); label("$A$",A,NW); label("$B$",B,NE); label("$C$",C,SE); label("$D$",D,SW); label("$M$",M,W); label("$N$",n,N); label("$O$",O,(-0.5,1)); label("$P$",P,N); dot(A); dot(B); dot(C); dot(D); dot(M); dot(n); dot(O); dot(P); label("28",(0,42)--(28,42),N); label("56",(28,42)--(84,42),N); [/asy] Impose a coordinate system on the diagram where point $D$ is the origin. Therefore $A=(0,42)$, $B=(84,42)$, $C=(84,0)$, and $D=(0,0)$. Because $M$ is a midpoint and $M$ is a trisection point, $M=(0,21)$ and $N=(28,42)$. The equation for line $DN$ is $y=\frac{3}{2}x$ and the equation for line $CM$ is $\frac{1}{84}x+\frac{1}{21}y=1$, so their intersection, point $O$, is $(12,18)$. Using the shoelace formula on quadrilateral $BCON$, or or drawing diagonal $\overline{BO}$ and using $\frac 12 bh$, we find that its area is $2184$. Therefore the area of triangle $BCP$ is $\frac{2184}{2}$ and the distance from $P$ to line $PC$ is $52$ and its $x$-coordinate is $32$. Because $P$ lies on the equation $\frac{1}{84}x+\frac{1}{21}y=1$, $P$'s $y$-coordinate is $13$, which is also the height of $CDP$. Therefore the area of $CDP$ is $\frac{1}{2} \cdot 13 \cdot 84=\boxed{546}$.

See Also

2017 AIME II (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 9
Followed by
Problem 11
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
All AIME Problems and Solutions

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