# 2017 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 9

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## Problem

Minnie rides on a flat road at $20$ kilometers per hour (kph), downhill at $30$ kph, and uphill at $5$ kph. Penny rides on a flat road at $30$ kph, downhill at $40$ kph, and uphill at $10$ kph. Minnie goes from town $A$ to town $B$, a distance of $10$ km all uphill, then from town $B$ to town $C$, a distance of $15$ km all downhill, and then back to town $A$, a distance of $20$ km on the flat. Penny goes the other way around using the same route. How many more minutes does it take Minnie to complete the $45$-km ride than it takes Penny?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 45\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 60\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 65\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 90\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 95$

## Solution

The distance from town $A$ to town $B$ is $10$ km uphill, and since Minnie rides uphill at a speed of $5$ kph, it will take her $2$ hours. Next, she will ride from town $B$ to town $C$, a distance of $15$ km all downhill. Since Minnie rides downhill at a speed of $30$ kph, it will take her half an hour. Finally, she rides from town $C$ back to town $A$, a flat distance of $20$ km. Minnie rides on a flat road at $20$ kph, so this will take her $1$ hour. Her entire trip takes her $3.5$ hours. Secondly, Penny will go from town $A$ to town $C$, a flat distance of $20$ km. Since Penny rides on a flat road at $30$ kph, it will take her $\frac{2}{3}$ of an hour. Next Penny will go from town $C$ to town $B$, which is uphill for Penny. Since Penny rides at a speed of $10$ kph uphill, and town $C$ and $B$ are $15$ km apart, it will take her $1.5$ hours. Finally, Penny goes from Town $B$ back to town $A$, a distance of $10$ km downhill. Since Penny rides downhill at $40$ kph, it will only take her $\frac{1}{4}$ of an hour. In total, it takes her $29/12$ hours, which simplifies to $2$ hours and $25$ minutes. Finally, Penny's $2$hr $25$min trip was $\boxed{\textbf{(C)}\ 65}$ minutes less than Minnie's $3$hr $30$min trip.

~savannahsolver