2020 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 2

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Problem 2

The numbers $3, 5, 7, a,$ and $b$ have an average (arithmetic mean) of $15$. What is the average of $a$ and $b$?

$\textbf{(A) } 0 \qquad\textbf{(B) } 15 \qquad\textbf{(C) } 30 \qquad\textbf{(D) } 45 \qquad\textbf{(E) } 60$

Solution

The arithmetic mean of the numbers $3, 5, 7, a,$ and $b$ is equal to $\frac{3+5+7+a+b}{5}=\frac{15+a+b}{5}=15$. Solving for $a+b$, we get $a+b=60$. Dividing by $2$ to find the average of the two numbers $a$ and $b$ gives $\frac{60}{2}=\boxed{\text{(C) }30}$.

See Also

2020 AMC 10A (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 1
Followed by
Problem 3
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All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions

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