Difference between revisions of "2020 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 14"

(Solution 1)
(Video Solution)
 
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==Solution 1==
 
==Solution 1==
We can see that the dotted line is halfway between <math>4{,}500</math> and <math>5{,}000</math>, so is at <math>4{,}750</math>. As this is the average population of all <math>20</math> cities, the total population is simply <math>4{,}750 \cdot 20 = \boxed{\textbf{(D) }95{,}000}</math>.  
+
We can see that the dotted line is exactly halfway between <math>4{,}500</math> and <math>5{,}000</math>, so it is at <math>4{,}750</math>. As this is the average population of all <math>20</math> cities, the total population is simply <math>4{,}750 \cdot 20 = \boxed{\textbf{(D) }95{,}000}</math>.
 
 
We can see that between 4000 and 6000 There are three number ticks. This means that the number is slightly below 5000, or it is 4750. To find the opposite of an average, you do the opposite algorithm. We multiply 4750 by 20 and we get 10500 so the answer is E
 
  
 
==Solution 2 (estimation)==
 
==Solution 2 (estimation)==
The dashed line, which represents the average population of each city, is slightly below <math>5{,}000</math>. Since there are <math>20</math> cities, the answer is slightly less than <math>20\cdot 5{,}000 \approx 100{,}000</math>
+
The dashed line, which represents the average population of each city, is slightly below <math>5{,}000</math>. Since there are <math>20</math> cities, the answer is slightly less than <math>20\cdot 5{,}000 \approx 100{,}000</math>, which is closest to <math>\boxed{\textbf{(D) }95{,}000}</math>.
  
 
==Video Solution==
 
==Video Solution==
https://youtu.be/5y4uDwZEF0M
+
https://youtu.be/xjwDsaRE_Wo
  
 
==See also==  
 
==See also==  
 
{{AMC8 box|year=2020|num-b=13|num-a=15}}
 
{{AMC8 box|year=2020|num-b=13|num-a=15}}
 
{{MAA Notice}}
 
{{MAA Notice}}

Latest revision as of 18:47, 6 January 2021

Problem

There are $20$ cities in the County of Newton. Their populations are shown in the bar chart below. The average population of all the cities is indicated by the horizontal dashed line. Which of the following is closest to the total population of all $20$ cities?

[asy] size(300);  pen shortdashed=linetype(new real[] {6,6});  // axis draw((0,0)--(0,9300), linewidth(1.25)); draw((0,0)--(11550,0), linewidth(1.25));  for (int i = 2000; i < 9000; i = i + 2000) {     draw((0,i)--(11550,i), linewidth(0.5)+1.5*grey);     label(string(i), (0,i), W); }   for (int i = 500; i < 9300; i=i+500) {     draw((0,i)--(150,i),linewidth(1.25));     if (i % 2000 == 0) {         draw((0,i)--(250,i),linewidth(1.25));     } }  int[] data = {8750, 3800, 5000, 2900, 6400, 7500, 4100, 1400, 2600, 1470, 2600, 7100, 4070, 7500, 7000, 8100, 1900, 1600, 5850, 5750}; int data_length = 20;  int r = 550; for (int i = 0; i < data_length; ++i) {     fill(((i+1)*r,0)--((i+1)*r, data[i])--((i+1)*r,0)--((i+1)*r, data[i])--((i+1)*r,0)--((i+1)*r, data[i])--((i+2)*r-100, data[i])--((i+2)*r-100,0)--cycle, 1.5*grey);     draw(((i+1)*r,0)--((i+1)*r, data[i])--((i+1)*r,0)--((i+1)*r, data[i])--((i+1)*r,0)--((i+1)*r, data[i])--((i+2)*r-100, data[i])--((i+2)*r-100,0)); }  draw((0,4750)--(11450,4750),shortdashed);  label("Cities", (11450*0.5,0), S); label(rotate(90)*"Population", (0,9000*0.5), 10*W); [/asy]

$\textbf{(A) }65{,}000 \qquad \textbf{(B) }75{,}000 \qquad \textbf{(C) }85{,}000 \qquad \textbf{(D) }95{,}000 \qquad \textbf{(E) }105{,}000$

Solution 1

We can see that the dotted line is exactly halfway between $4{,}500$ and $5{,}000$, so it is at $4{,}750$. As this is the average population of all $20$ cities, the total population is simply $4{,}750 \cdot 20 = \boxed{\textbf{(D) }95{,}000}$.

Solution 2 (estimation)

The dashed line, which represents the average population of each city, is slightly below $5{,}000$. Since there are $20$ cities, the answer is slightly less than $20\cdot 5{,}000 \approx 100{,}000$, which is closest to $\boxed{\textbf{(D) }95{,}000}$.

Video Solution

https://youtu.be/xjwDsaRE_Wo

See also

2020 AMC 8 (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 13
Followed by
Problem 15
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All AJHSME/AMC 8 Problems and Solutions

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