2021 AMC 12B Problems/Problem 18

Revision as of 00:23, 13 February 2021 by Sequoia (talk | contribs) (Solution 3)

Problem

Let $z$ be a complex number satisfying $12|z|^2=2|z+2|^2+|z^2+1|^2+31.$ What is the value of $z+\frac 6z?$

$\textbf{(A) }-2 \qquad \textbf{(B) }-1 \qquad \textbf{(C) }\frac12\qquad \textbf{(D) }1 \qquad \textbf{(E) }4$

Solution 1

Using the fact $z\bar{z}=|z|^2$, the equation rewrites itself as

\[12z\bar{z}=2(z+2)(\bar{z}+2)+(z^2+1)(\bar{z}^2+1)+31\] \[-12z\bar{z}+2z\bar{z}+4(z+\bar{z})+8+z^2\bar{z}^2+(z^2+\bar{z}^2)+32=0\] \[\left((z^2+2z\bar{z}+\bar{z}^2)+4(z+\bar{z})+4\right)+\left(z^2\bar{z}^2-12z\bar{z}+36\right)=0\] \[(z+\bar{z}+2)^2+(z\bar{z}-6)^2=0.\] As the two quantities in the parentheses are real, both quantities must equal $0$ so \[z+\frac6z=z+\bar{z}=\boxed{\textbf{(A) }-2}.\]

Solution 2

The answer being in the form $z+\frac 6z$ means that there are two solutions, some complex number and its complex conjugate. \[a+bi = \frac{6}{a-bi}\] \[a^2+b^2=6\] We should then be able to test out some ordered pairs of $(a, b)$. After testing it out, we get the ordered pairs of $(-1, \sqrt{5})$ and its conjugate $(-1, -\sqrt{5})$. Plugging this into answer format gives us $\boxed{\textbf{(A) }-2}$ ~Lopkiloinm

Solution 3

Let $x = z + \frac{6}{z}$. Then $z = \frac{x \pm \sqrt{x^2-24}}{2}$. From the answer choices we know $x$ is real and $x^2<24$, so $z = \frac{x \pm i\sqrt{24-x^2}}{2}$. We'll take the plus sign for now since we know the answer is unique. Then we have \[|z|^2 = 6\] \[|z+2|^2 = (\frac{x}{2} + 2)^2 + \frac{24-x^2}{4} = 2x+10\] \[|z^2+1|^2 = |xz -6 +1|^2 = (\frac{x^2}{2}-5)^2 + \frac{x^2(24-x^2)}{4} = x^2 +25\] Plug the above back to the original equation, we have \[12*6 = 2(2x+10) + x^2 + 25 + 31\] \[(x+2)^2 = 0\] So $x = -2$ $\boxed{\textbf{(A) }-2}$.

~Sequoia

See Also

2021 AMC 12B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 17
Followed by
Problem 19
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions

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