# 1958 AHSME Problems/Problem 46

## Problem

For values of $x$ less than $1$ but greater than $-4$, the expression $\frac{x^2 - 2x + 2}{2x - 2}$ has: $\textbf{(A)}\ \text{no maximum or minimum value}\qquad \\ \textbf{(B)}\ \text{a minimum value of }{+1}\qquad \\ \textbf{(C)}\ \text{a maximum value of }{+1}\qquad \\ \textbf{(D)}\ \text{a minimum value of }{-1}\qquad \\ \textbf{(E)}\ \text{a maximum value of }{-1}$

## Solution

From $\frac{x^2 - 2x + 2}{2x - 2}$, we can further factor $\frac{x^2 - 2x + 2}{2(x - 1)}$ and then $\frac{(x-1)^{2}+1}{2(x - 1)}$ and finally $\frac{x-1}{2}+\frac{1}{2x-2}$. Using $AM-GM$, we can see that $\frac{x-1}{2}=\frac{1}{2x-2}$. From there, we can get that $2=2 \cdot (x-1)^{2}$.

From there, we get that $x$ is either $2$ or $0$. Substituting both of them in, you get that if $x=2$, then the value is $1$. If you plug in the value of $x=0$, you get the value of $-1$. So the answer is $\textbf{(D)}$

Solution by: the_referee

## See Also

 1958 AHSC (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) Preceded byProblem 45 Followed byProblem 47 1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 • 26 • 27 • 28 • 29 • 30 • 31 • 32 • 33 • 34 • 35 • 36 • 37 • 38 • 39 • 40 • 41 • 42 • 43 • 44 • 45 • 46 • 47 • 48 • 49 • 50 All AHSME Problems and Solutions

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