# 1998 AHSME Problems/Problem 26

## Problem

In quadrilateral $ABCD$, it is given that $\angle A = 120^{\circ}$, angles $B$ and $D$ are right angles, $AB = 13$, and $AD = 46$. Then $AC=$ $\mathrm{(A)}\ 60 \qquad\mathrm{(B)}\ 62 \qquad\mathrm{(C)}\ 64 \qquad\mathrm{(D)}\ 65 \qquad\mathrm{(E)}\ 72$

## Solution

### Solution 1

Let the extensions of $\overline{DA}$ and $\overline{CB}$ be at $E$. Since $\angle BAD = 120^{\circ}$, $\angle BAE = 60^{\circ}$ and $\triangle ABE$ is a $30-60-90$ triangle. Also, $\triangle ABE \sim \triangle CDE$, so $\triangle CDE$ is also a $30-60-90$ triangle. $[asy] size(200); defaultpen(0.8); pair D=(0,0), C=(0,24*3^0.5), A=(46,0), E=(72,0), B=(46+13/2,13*3^.5/2); pair P=(C+D)/2, Q=(D+A)/2, R=(A+E)/2, T=(A+B)/2; draw(D--A--B--C--cycle); draw(C--A); draw(A--E--B,dashed); label("$$A$$",A,SSW); label("$$B$$",B,NNE); label("$$C$$",C,WNW); label("$$D$$",D,SSW); label("$$E$$",E,SSE); label("24$$\sqrt{3}$$",P,W); label("46",Q,S); label("26",R,S); label("13",T,WNW); [/asy]$

Thus $AE = 2AB = 26$, and $CD = \frac{26 + 46}{\sqrt{3}} = 24\sqrt{3}$. By the Pythagorean Theorem on $\triangle ACD$, $$AC = \sqrt{(46)^2 + (24\sqrt{3})^2} = 62 \Rightarrow \mathrm{(B)}.$$

### Solution 2 $[asy] import olympiad; size(180); defaultpen(0.8); pair D=(0,0), C=(0,24*3^0.5), A=(46,0), B=(46+13/2,13*3^.5/2); pair P=(C+D)/2, Q=(D+A)/2, T=(A+B)/2; draw(D--A--B--C--cycle); draw(B--D,dashed); draw(A--C,dashed); draw(circumcircle(A,B,C)); label("$$A$$",A,SSW); label("$$B$$",B,NNE); label("$$C$$",C,WNW); label("$$D$$",D,SSW); label("$$O$$",circumcenter(A,B,C),SW); dot(circumcenter(A,B,C)); label("46",Q,S); label("13",T,E); [/asy]$

Opposite angles add up to $180^{\circ}$, so $ABCD$ is a cyclic quadrilateral. Also, $\angle B = \angle D = 90^{\circ}$, from which it follows that $\overline{AC}$ is a diameter of the circumscribing circle. We can apply the extended version of the Law of Sines on $\triangle ABD$: $$AC = 2R = \frac{BD}{\sin 120^{\circ}} = \frac{2}{\sqrt{3}} BD$$

By the Law of Cosines on $\triangle ABD$: $$BD^2 = 13^2 + 46^2 - 2 \cdot 13 \cdot 46 \cdot \cos 120^{\circ} = 2883$$

So $AC = \frac{2}{\sqrt{3}} \cdot \sqrt{2883} = 62$.

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