2002 AIME I Problems/Problem 2
Contents
Problem
The diagram shows twenty congruent circles arranged in three rows and enclosed in a rectangle. The circles are tangent to one another and to the sides of the rectangle as shown in the diagram. The ratio of the longer dimension of the rectangle to the shorter dimension can be written as where and are positive integers. Find .
Solution
Let the radius of the circles be . The longer dimension of the rectangle can be written as , and by the Pythagorean Theorem, we find that the shorter dimension is .
Therefore, . Thus we have and , so .
Solution 2
Since we only care about the ratio between the longer side and shorter side, we can set the longer side to . So, this means that each of the radii is . Now, we connect the radii of three circles such that they form an equilateral triangle with side length 4. Obviously, the height this triangle is , and the shorter side if the triangle is therefore and we use simplification similar to as showed above, and we reach the result and the final answer is .
See also
2002 AIME I (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 1 |
Followed by Problem 3 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 | ||
All AIME Problems and Solutions |
The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions.