2002 AIME I Problems/Problem 3


Jane is 25 years old. Dick is older than Jane. In $n$ years, where $n$ is a positive integer, Dick's age and Jane's age will both be two-digit numbers and will have the property that Jane's age is obtained by interchanging the digits of Dick's age. Let $d$ be Dick's present age. How many ordered pairs of positive integers $(d,n)$ are possible?


Let Jane's age $n$ years from now be $10a+b$, and let Dick's age be $10b+a$. If $10b+a>10a+b$, then $b>a$. The possible pairs of $a,b$ are:

$(1,2), (1,3), (2,3), (1,4), (2,4), (3,4), \dots , (8,9)$

That makes 36. But $10a+b>25$, so we subtract all the extraneous pairs: $(1,2), (1,3), (2,3), (1,4), (2,4), (1,5), (2,5), (1,6), (1,7), (1,8),$ and $(1,9)$. $36-11=\boxed{025}$

Solution 2

Start by assuming that $n < 5$ (essentially, Jane is in the 20s when their ages are 'reverses' of each other). Then we get the pairs \[(61,1),(70,2),(79,3),(88,4).\] Repeating this for the 30s gives \[(34,9),(43,10),(52,11),(61,12),(70,13),(79,14).\] From here, it's pretty clear that every decade we go up we get $(d,n+11)$ as a pair. Since both ages must always be two-digit numbers, we can show that each decade after the 30s, we get 1 fewer option. Therefore, our answer is $4+6+5+\dots+2+1=4+21=\boxed{025}.$


See also

2002 AIME I (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 2
Followed by
Problem 4
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
All AIME Problems and Solutions

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