# 2002 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 19

## Problem

Spot's doghouse has a regular hexagonal base that measures one yard on each side. He is tethered to a vertex with a two-yard rope. What is the area, in square yards, of the region outside of the doghouse that Spot can reach? $\text{(A)}\ 2\pi/3 \qquad \text{(B)}\ 2\pi \qquad \text{(C)}\ 5\pi/2 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 8\pi/3 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 3\pi$

## Solution $[asy] draw(polygon(6)); draw(Arc((1/2,sqrt(3)/2),2,-60,180)); draw(Arc((-1/2,sqrt(3)/2),1,180,240)); draw(Arc((1,0),1,240,300)); draw((-1/2,sqrt(3)/2)--(-3/2,sqrt(3)/2), dotted); draw((1,0)--(3/2,-sqrt(3)/2),dotted); [/asy]$

Part of what Spot can reach is $\frac{240}{360}=\frac{2}{3}$ of a circle with radius 2, which gives him $\frac{8\pi}{3}$. He can also reach two $\frac{60}{360}$ parts of a unit circle, which combines to give $\frac{\pi}{3}$. The total area is then $3\pi$, which gives $\boxed{\text{(E)}}$.

### Note

We can clearly see that the area must be more than $\frac{8\pi}{3}$, and the only such answer is $\boxed{\text{(E)}}$.

## Video Solution

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