2002 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 15
- The following problem is from both the 2002 AMC 12A #15 and 2002 AMC 10A #21, so both problems redirect to this page.
Contents
Problem
The mean, median, unique mode, and range of a collection of eight integers are all equal to 8. The largest integer that can be an element of this collection is
Solution
As the unique mode is , there are at least two s.
As the range is and one of the numbers is , the largest one can be at most .
If the largest one is , then the smallest one is , and thus the mean is strictly larger than , which is a contradiction.
If the largest one is , then the smallest one is . This means that we already know four of the values: , , , . Since the mean of all the numbers is , their sum must be . Thus the sum of the missing four numbers is . But if is the smallest number, then the sum of the missing numbers must be at least , which is again a contradiction.
If the largest number is , we can easily find the solution . Hence, our answer is .
Note
The solution for is, in fact, unique. As the median must be , this means that both the and the number, when ordered by size, must be s. This gives the partial solution . For the mean to be each missing variable must be replaced by the smallest allowed value. The solution that works is
See Also
2002 AMC 12A (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | |
Preceded by Problem 14 |
Followed by Problem 16 |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | |
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions |
2002 AMC 10A (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 20 |
Followed by Problem 22 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | ||
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions |
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