2002 AMC 12B Problems/Problem 22

Problem

For all integers $n$ greater than $1$, define $a_n = \frac{1}{\log_n 2002}$. Let $b = a_2 + a_3 + a_4 + a_5$ and $c = a_{10} + a_{11} + a_{12} + a_{13} + a_{14}$. Then $b- c$ equals

$\mathrm{(A)}\ -2 \qquad\mathrm{(B)}\ -1  \qquad\mathrm{(C)}\ \frac{1}{2002} \qquad\mathrm{(D)}\ \frac{1}{1001} \qquad\mathrm{(E)}\ \frac 12$

Solution

By the change of base formula, $a_n = \frac{1}{\frac{\log 2002}{\log n}} = \left(\frac{1}{\log 2002}\right) \log n$. Thus \begin{align*}b- c &= \left(\frac{1}{\log 2002}\right)(\log 2 + \log 3 + \log 4 + \log 5 - \log 10 - \log 11 - \log 12 - \log 13 - \log 14)\\ &= \left(\frac{1}{\log 2002}\right)\left(\log \frac{2 \cdot 3 \cdot 4 \cdot 5}{10 \cdot 11 \cdot 12 \cdot 13 \cdot 14}\right)\\  &= \left(\frac{1}{\log 2002}\right) \log 2002^{-1} = -\left(\frac{\log 2002}{\log 2002}\right) = -1 \Rightarrow \mathrm{(B)}\end{align*}

Solution 2

Note that $\frac{1}{\log_a b}=\log_b a$. Thus $a_n=\log_{2002} n$. Also notice that if we have a log sum, we multiply, and if we have a log product, we divide. Using these properties, we get that the result is the following:

\[\log_{2002}\left(\frac{2*3*4*5}{10*11*12*13*14}=\frac{1}{11*13*14}=\frac{1}{2002}\right)=\boxed{\textbf{(B)}-1}\]

~yofro

See also

2002 AMC 12B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 21
Followed by
Problem 23
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions

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