2004 AMC 12B Problems/Problem 1

Problem

At each basketball practice last week, Jenny made twice as many free throws as she made at the previous practice. At her fifth practice she made 48 free throws. How many free throws did she make at the first practice?

$(\mathrm {A}) 3\qquad (\mathrm {B}) 6 \qquad (\mathrm {C}) 9 \qquad (\mathrm {D}) 12 \qquad (\mathrm {E}) 15$

Solution

Each day Jenny makes half as many free throws as she does at the next practice. Hence on the fourth day she made $\frac{1}{2} \cdot 48 = 24$ free throws, on the third $12$, on the second $6$, and on the first $3 \Rightarrow \mathrm{(A)}$.

Because there are five days, or four transformations between days (day 1 $\rightarrow$ day 2 $\rightarrow$ day 3 $\rightarrow$ day 4 $\rightarrow$ day 5), she makes $48 \cdot \frac{1}{2^4} = \boxed{\mathrm{(A)}\ 3}$

See Also

2004 AMC 12B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
First Question
Followed by
Problem 2
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions

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