2004 AMC 12B Problems/Problem 16
Let , so . By definition, , which implies that all solutions to lie on the line on the complex plane. The graph of is a circle centered at the origin, and there are intersections.
We start the same as the above solution: Let , so . By definition, . Since we are given , this implies that . We recognize the Pythagorean triple so we see that or . So the answer is .
Solution by franzliszt
Comment by IceMatrix
Hi franzliszt, I wanted to say first, that this isn't a criticism. I have seen much of your contributions and find you to be a rather impressive thinker. I just wanted to share some insight on your above solution. It doesn't actually work but happens to produce the correct answer by coincidence. I noticed this today as I was going through the problem with one of my students. The reason is you made an assumption that because (3,4) produces a magnitude of 5 that they must somehow satisfy the original problem. But they fail the second requirement. Namely that f(z) be equal to z. To demonstrate f(z)= i(a-bi)=b+ai as you state. But that in turn must be equal to z which is a+bi. So for (3,4) to be a solution it would need to be true that 4+3i be equal to 3+4i. However this is not true and so the solution fails. As the 3rd solution below this one notes, 'a' must actually be equal to 'b'. I hope you do not feel any embarrassment about this, you are an excellent problem solver and contributor and I have made similar type mistakes many times in my solving and teaching. I am posting this comment so that other viewers of the page can understand in the event they were confused by your solution.
Best Regards, IceMatrix
Let , like above. Therefore, . We move some terms around to get . We factor: . We divide out the common factor to see that . Next we put this into the definition of . Finally, , and has two solutions.
|2004 AMC 12B (Problems • Answer Key • Resources)|
|1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25|
|All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions|