2005 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 14
Problem
On a standard die one of the dots is removed at random with each dot equally likely to be chosen. The die is then rolled. What is the probability that the top face has an odd number of dots?
Solutions
Solution 1
There are dots total. Casework:
- The dot is removed from an even face. There is a chance of this happening. Then there are 4 odd faces, giving us a probability of .
- The dot is removed from an odd face. There is a chance of this happening. Then there are 2 odd faces, giving us a probability of .
Thus the answer is .
Solution 3 (Alcumus)
The probability that the top face is odd is if a dot is removed from an odd face, and the probability that the top face is odd is if a dot is removed from an even face. Because each dot has the probability of being removed, the top face is odd with probability.
See also
2005 AMC 12A (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | |
Preceded by Problem 13 |
Followed by Problem 15 |
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All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions |
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