2014 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 19
Problem
Two concentric circles have radii and . Two points on the outer circle are chosen independently and uniformly at random. What is the probability that the chord joining the two points intersects the inner circle?
Solution
Let the center of the two circles be . Now pick an arbitrary point on the boundary of the circle with radius . We want to find the range of possible places for the second point, , such that passes through the circle of radius . To do this, first draw the tangents from to the circle of radius . Let the intersection points of the tangents (when extended) with circle of radius be and . Let be the foot of the altitude from to . Then we have the following diagram.
We want to find , as the range of desired points is the set of points on minor arc . This is because and are part of the tangents, which "set the boundaries" for . Since and as shown in the diagram, is a triangle with . Thus, , and the probability lies on the minor arc is thus .
See Also
2014 AMC 10B (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 18 |
Followed by Problem 20 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | ||
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions |
The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions.