2015 AIME II Problems/Problem 4
In an isosceles trapezoid, the parallel bases have lengths and , and the altitude to these bases has length . The perimeter of the trapezoid can be written in the form , where and are positive integers. Find .
Call the trapezoid with as the smaller base and as the longer. Let the point where an altitude intersects the larger base be , where is closer to .
Subtract the two bases and divide to find that is . The altitude can be expressed as . Therefore, the two legs are , or .
The perimeter is thus which is . So
Solution 2 (gratuitous wishful thinking)
Set the base of the log as 2, as it is the general log. Then call the trapezoid with as the longer base. Then have the two feet of the altitudes be and , with and in position from left to right respectively. Then, and are (from the log subtraction identity. Then (isosceles trapezoid and being 6. Then the 2 legs of the trapezoid is .
And we have the answer:
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