2016 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 8
Contents
Problem
What is the tens digit of
Solution 1
Notice that, for , is congruent to when is even and when is odd. (Check for yourself). Since is even, and .
So the answer is .
Solution 2
In a very similar fashion, we find that , which equals . Next, since every power (greater than ) of every number ending in will end in (which can easily be verified), we get . (In this way, we don't have to worry about the exponent very much.) Finally, , and thus , as above.
Solution 3 (exponent pattern)
Since we only need the tens digits, we only need to care about the multiplication of tens and ones. (If you want to use mathematical terms then we only need to look at the exponents in .) We will use the "" sign to denote congruence in modulus, basically taking the last two digits and ignoring everything else.
From here we only need to multiply and we can ignore the hundreds digits. Notice that for every , if is even, and if is odd. Since has an even exponent, we conclude that the last two digits will be , and subtracting . ~JH. L
Video Solution
~savannahsolver
Video Solution by OmegaLearn
https://youtu.be/zfChnbMGLVQ?t=2683
~ pi_is_3.14
See Also
2016 AMC 10B (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 7 |
Followed by Problem 9 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | ||
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions |
The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions.