2016 AMC 12B Problems/Problem 4


The ratio of the measures of two acute angles is $5:4$, and the complement of one of these two angles is twice as large as the complement of the other. What is the sum of the degree measures of the two angles?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 75\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 90\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 135\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 150\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 270$

Solution 1

By: dragonfly

We set up equations to find each angle. The larger angle will be represented as $x$ and the smaller angle will be represented as $y$, in degrees. This implies that




since the larger the original angle, the smaller the complement.

We then find that $x=75$ and $y=60$, and their sum is $\boxed{\textbf{(C)}\ 135}$

Solution 2

We can visualize the problem like so: [asy] path b = brace((0,10),(90,10),5); draw(b); label("$90^\circ$",b,N);  draw("$5x$",(0,0)--(75,0),N); draw((75,2.5)--(75,-2.5)); draw("$1y$",(75,0)--(90,0),N);  draw("$4x$",(0,-10)--(60,-10),S); draw((60,-7.5)--(60,-12.5)); draw("$2y$",(60,-10)--(90,-10),S);  draw((0,5)--(0,-15)); draw((90,5)--(90,-15)); [/asy] \[5x+1y = 90^\circ = 4x+2y\] Moving like terms to the same side gets $x = y$, and substituting this back gets $6x = 90^\circ \implies x = \frac{90^\circ}{6} = 15^\circ$, so the sum of the degree measures is $5x + 4x = 9x = 9(15) = \boxed{\textbf{(C)}\ 135}$. ~emerald_block

See Also

2016 AMC 12B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 3
Followed by
Problem 5
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All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions

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