2018 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 11

Problem

Which of the following expressions is never a prime number when $p$ is a prime number?

$\textbf{(A) } p^2+16 \qquad \textbf{(B) } p^2+24 \qquad \textbf{(C) } p^2+26 \qquad \textbf{(D) } p^2+46 \qquad \textbf{(E) } p^2+96$

Solution 1

Because squares of a non-multiple of 3 is always $1 \pmod{3}$, the only expression is always a multiple of $3$ is $\boxed{\textbf{(C) } p^2+26}$. This is excluding when $p\equiv 0 \pmod{3}$, which only occurs when $p=3$, then $p^2+26=35$ which is still composite.

Solution 2 (Answer Choices)

Since the question asks which of the following will never be a prime number when $p^2$ is a prime number, a way to find the answer is by trying to find a value for $p$ such that the statement above won't be true.

A) $p^2+16$ isn't true when $p=5$

B) $p^2+24$ isn't true when $p=7$

C) $p^2+26$

D) $p^2+46$ isn't true when $p=5$

E) $p^2+96$ isn't true when $p=19$

Therefore, $\framebox{C}$ is the correct answer.

-DAWAE

Minor edit by Lucky1256. P=___ was the wrong number.

See Also

2018 AMC 10B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 10
Followed by
Problem 12
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions

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