2018 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 21

Problem

Mary chose an even $4$-digit number $n$. She wrote down all the divisors of $n$ in increasing order from left to right: $1,2,...,\dfrac{n}{2},n$. At some moment Mary wrote $323$ as a divisor of $n$. What is the smallest possible value of the next divisor written to the right of $323$?

$\textbf{(A) } 324 \qquad \textbf{(B) } 330 \qquad \textbf{(C) } 340 \qquad \textbf{(D) } 361 \qquad \textbf{(E) } 646$

Solution 1

Since prime factorizing $323$ gives you $17 \cdot 19$, the desired answer needs to be a multiple of $17$ or $19$, this is because if it is not a multiple of $17$ or $19$, $n$ will be more than a $4$ digit number. For example, if the answer were to instead be $324$, $n$ would have to be a multiple of $2^2 * 3^4 * 17 * 19$ for both $323$ and $324$ to be a valid factor, meaning $n$ would have to be at least $104652$, which is too big. Looking at the answer choices, $\text{(A) }324$ and $\text{(B) }330$ are both not a multiple of neither 17 nor 19, $\text{(C) }340$ is divisible by $17$. $\text{(D) }361$ is divisible by $19$, and $\text{(E) }646$ is divisible by both $17$ and $19$. Since $\boxed{\text{(C) }340}$ is the smallest number divisible by either $17$ or $19$ it is the answer. Checking, we can see that $n$ would be $6460$, a four-digit number. Note that $n$ is also divisible by $2$, one of the listed divisors of $n$. (If $n$ was not divisible by $2$, we would need to look for a different divisor)

-Edited by Mathandski

Solution 2

Let the next largest divisor be $k$. Suppose $\gcd(k,323)=1$. Then, as $323|n, k|n$, therefore, $323\cdot k|n.$ However, because $k>323$, $323k>323\cdot 324>9999$. Therefore, $\gcd(k,323)>1$. Note that $323=17\cdot 19$. Therefore, the smallest the GCD can be is $17$ and our answer is $323+17=\boxed{\text{(C) }340}$.

Solution 3

Again, recognize $323=17 \cdot 19$. The 4-digit number is even, so its prime factorization must then be $17 \cdot 19 \cdot 2 \cdot n$. Also, $1000\leq 646n \leq 9998$, so $2 \leq n \leq 15$. Since $15 \cdot 2=30$, the prime factorization of the number after $323$ needs to have either $17$ or $19$. The next highest product after $17 \cdot 19$ is $17 \cdot 2  \cdot 10 =340$ or $19 \cdot 2  \cdot 9 =342$ $\implies \boxed{\text{(C) }340}$.


You can also tell by inspection that $19\cdot18 > 20\cdot17$, because $19\cdot18$ is closer to the side lengths of a square, which maximizes the product.

~bjhhar

Video

https://youtu.be/gMSkM6PLDwk

See Also

2018 AMC 10B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 20
Followed by
Problem 22
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions
2018 AMC 12B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 18
Followed by
Problem 20
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions

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