2018 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 13
Contents
Problem
Laila took five math tests, each worth a maximum of 100 points. Laila's score on each test was an integer between 0 and 100, inclusive. Laila received the same score on the first four tests, and she received a higher score on the last test. Her average score on the five tests was 82. How many values are possible for Laila's score on the last test?
Solution 1
Say Laila gets a value of on her first 4 tests, and a value of on her last test. Thus, .
Because and are different, must be less than and must be greater than . When decreases by , must increase by to keep the total constant.
The greatest value for is (as would make non-integer). In the range , only values for result in integer values for : 86, 90, 94 and 98. Thus, the answer is .
Solution 2
The average score is which leads us to suppose that Laila got all points for the tests. We know that Laila got the same points in the first four tests and they are all lower than the last test. Let the first four tests be points, then the last test must be points to keep the average fixed. Continue to decrement the first four tests to identify other possible combinations. The possible points for the fifth test are , , , . The answer is .
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See Also
2018 AMC 8 (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 12 |
Followed by Problem 14 | |
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