2018 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 16

Problem

Professor Chang has nine different language books lined up on a bookshelf: two Arabic, three German, and four Spanish. How many ways are there to arrange the nine books on the shelf keeping the Arabic books together and keeping the Spanish books together?

$\textbf{(A) }1440\qquad\textbf{(B) }2880\qquad\textbf{(C) }5760\qquad\textbf{(D) }182,440\qquad \textbf{(E) }362,880$

Solution

Since the Arabic books and Spanish books have to be kept together, we can treat them both as just one book. That means we're trying to find the number of ways you can arrange one Arabic book, one Spanish book, and three German books, which is just $5$ factorial. Now, we multiply this product by $2!$ because there are $2!$ ways to arrange the Arabic books within themselves, and $4!$ ways to arrange the Spanish books within themselves. Multiplying all these together, we have $2! \cdot 4! \cdot 5!=\boxed{\textbf{(C) }5760}$.

Video Solution (CREATIVE ANALYSIS!!!)

~Education, the Study of Everything

~savannahsolver