2021 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 2

Problem

What is the value of $\sqrt{\left(3-2\sqrt{3}\right)^2}+\sqrt{\left(3+2\sqrt{3}\right)^2}$?

$\textbf{(A)} ~0 \qquad\textbf{(B)} ~4\sqrt{3}-6 \qquad\textbf{(C)} ~6 \qquad\textbf{(D)} ~4\sqrt{3} \qquad\textbf{(E)} ~4\sqrt{3}+6$

Solution

Note that the square root of any square is always the absolute value of the squared number because the square root function will only return a positive number. By squaring both $3$ and $2\sqrt{3}$, we see that $2\sqrt{3}>3$, thus $3-2\sqrt{3}$ is negative, so we must take the absolute value of $3-2\sqrt{3}$, which is just $2\sqrt{3}-3$. Knowing this, the first term in the expression equals $2\sqrt{3}-3$ and the second term is $3+2\sqrt3$, and summing the two gives $\boxed{\textbf{(D)} ~4\sqrt{3}}$.

~bjc, abhinavg0627 and JackBocresion

Solution 2

Let $x = \sqrt{(3-2\sqrt{3})^2}+\sqrt{(3+2\sqrt{3})^2}$, then $x^2 = (3-2\sqrt{3})^2+2\sqrt{(-3)^2}+(3+2\sqrt3)^2$. The $2\sqrt{(-3)^2}$ term is there due to difference of squares. Simplifying the expression gives us $x^2 = 48$, so $x=\boxed{\textbf{(D)} ~4\sqrt{3}}$ ~ shrungpatel

Video Solution

https://youtu.be/HHVdPTLQsLc ~Math Python

Video Solution by OmegaLearn

https://youtu.be/Df3AIGD78xM

Video Solution 3

https://youtu.be/v71C6cFbErQ

~savannahsolver

Video Solution by TheBeautyofMath

https://youtu.be/gLahuINjRzU?t=154

~IceMatrix

Video Solution by Interstigation

https://youtu.be/DvpN56Ob6Zw?t=101

~Interstigation

See Also

2021 AMC 10B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 1
Followed by
Problem 3
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All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions

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