# 2022 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 9

## Problem

A cup of boiling water ( $212^{\circ}\text{F}$) is placed to cool in a room whose temperature remains constant at $68^{\circ}\text{F}$. Suppose the difference between the water temperature and the room temperature is halved every $5$ minutes. What is the water temperature, in degrees Fahrenheit, after $15$ minutes? $\textbf{(A) } 77 \qquad \textbf{(B) } 86 \qquad \textbf{(C) } 92 \qquad \textbf{(D) } 98 \qquad \textbf{(E) } 104$

## Solution

Initially, the difference between the water temperature and the room temperature is $212-68=144$ degrees Fahrenheit.

After $5$ minutes, the difference between the temperatures is $144\div2=72$ degrees Fahrenheit.

After $10$ minutes, the difference between the temperatures is $72\div2=36$ degrees Fahrenheit.

After $15$ minutes, the difference between the temperatures is $36\div2=18$ degrees Fahrenheit. At this point, the water temperature is $68+18=\boxed{\textbf{(B) } 86}$ degrees Fahrenheit.

Remark

Alternatively, we can condense the solution above into the following equation: $$68+(212-68)\cdot\left(\frac12\right)^{\tfrac{15}{5}}=86.$$ ~MRENTHUSIASM ~Mathfun1000

## Video Solution

~Interstigation

The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions. 