Difference between revisions of "1996 AIME Problems/Problem 4"

Line 28: Line 28:
[[Category:Intermediate Geometry Problems]]
[[Category:Intermediate Geometry Problems]]
{{MAA Notice}}

Revision as of 19:31, 4 July 2013


A wooden cube, whose edges are one centimeter long, rests on a horizontal surface. Illuminated by a point source of light that is $x$ centimeters directly above an upper vertex, the cube casts a shadow on the horizontal surface. The area of the shadow, which does not include the area beneath the cube is 48 square centimeters. Find the greatest integer that does not exceed $1000x$.


import three;
real unit = 0.5; 
real r = 2.8;
triple O=(0,0,0), P=(0,0,unit+unit/(r-1)); dot(P);
draw(O--P); draw(O--(unit,0,0)--(unit,0,unit)--(0,0,unit)); draw(O--(0,unit,0)--(0,unit,unit)--(0,0,unit));
draw((unit,0,0)--(unit,unit,0)--(unit,unit,unit)--(unit,0,unit)); draw((0,unit,0)--(unit,unit,0)--(unit,unit,unit)--(0,unit,unit)); 
draw(P--(r*unit,0,0)--(r*unit,r*unit,0)--(0,r*unit,0)--P); draw(P--(r*unit,r*unit,0)); draw((r*unit,0,0)--(0,0,0)--(0,r*unit,0));
 (Error compiling LaTeX. draw(rightanglemark(P,(0,0,unit),(unit,0,unit),1.7));draw(rightanglemark((unit,0,unit),(unit,0,0),(r*unit,0,0),1.7));
112982610b648ae4a5b643e01bc8b68a91f453c1.asy: 12.20: cannot call
'path rightanglemark(pair A, pair B, pair C, real s=<default>)'
with parameters
'(triple, triple, triple, real)')

(Figure not to scale) The area of the square shadow base is $48 + 1 = 49$, and so the sides of the shadow are $7$. Using the similar triangles in blue, $\frac {x}{1} = \frac {1}{6}$, and $\left\lfloor 1000x \right\rfloor = \boxed{166}$.

See also

1996 AIME (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 3
Followed by
Problem 5
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
All AIME Problems and Solutions

The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions. AMC logo.png

Invalid username
Login to AoPS