2001 AMC 10 Problems/Problem 21

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Problem

A right circular cylinder with its diameter equal to its height is inscribed in a right circular cone. The cone has diameter $10$ and altitude $12$, and the axes of the cylinder and cone coincide. Find the radius of the cylinder.

$\textbf{(A)}\ \frac{8}3\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{30}{11}\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 3\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ \frac{25}{8}\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \frac{7}{2}$

Solution 1

[asy] draw((5,0)--(-5,0)--(0,12)--cycle); unitsize(.75cm); draw((-30/11,0)--(-30/11,60/11)); draw((-30/11,60/11)--(30/11,60/11)); draw((30/11,60/11)--(30/11,0)); draw((0,0)--(0,12)); label("$2r$",(0,30/11),E); label("$12-2r$",(0,80/11),E); label("$2r$",(0,60/11),S); label("$10$",(0,0),S); label("$A$",(0,12),N); label("$B$",(-5,0),SW); label("$C$",(5,0),SE); label("$D$",(-30/11,60/11),W); label("$E$",(30/11,60/11),E);     [/asy]




Let the diameter of the cylinder be $2r$. Examining the cross section of the cone and cylinder, we find two similar triangles. Hence, $\frac{12-2r}{12}=\frac{2r}{10}$ which we solve to find $r=\frac{30}{11}$. Our answer is $\boxed{\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{30}{11}}$.

Solution 2 (Very similar to solution 1 but explained more)

$\text{We can begin by drawing a diagram with the given information}$:

2001amc10solution.jpg

We are asked to find the radius of the cylinder, or $r$ so we can look for similarity. We know that $\angle BEF = \angle BDA$ and $\angle FBE = \angle ABD$, thus we have similarity between $\triangle BFE$ and $\triangle BAD$ by $AA$ similarity.

Therefore, we can create an equation to find the length of the desired side. We know that:

$\frac{BE}{BD}=\frac{FE}{AD}.$


Plugging in yields:


$\frac{12-2r}{12}=\frac{r}{5}.$

Cross multiplying and simplifying gives:


$5(12-2r)=12r$

$\Downarrow$


$r=\frac{30}{11}.$

Since the problem asks us to find the radius of the cylinder, we are done and the radius of the cylinder is $\boxed{\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{30}{11}}$.

~etvat

See Also

2001 AMC 10 (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 20
Followed by
Problem 22
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions

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