# 2001 AMC 12 Problems/Problem 3

The following problem is from both the 2001 AMC 12 #3 and 2001 AMC 10 #9, so both problems redirect to this page.

## Problem

The state income tax where Kristin lives is levied at the rate of $p\%$ of the first $\textdollar 28000$ of annual income plus $(p + 2)\%$ of any amount above $\textdollar 28000$. Kristin noticed that the state income tax she paid amounted to $(p + 0.25)\%$ of her annual income. What was her annual income?

$\textbf{(A)}\,\textdollar 28000 \qquad \textbf{(B)}\,\textdollar 32000 \qquad \textbf{(C)}\,\textdollar 35000 \qquad \textbf{(D)}\,\textdollar 42000 \qquad \textbf{(E)}\,\textdollar 56000$

## Solution 1

Let $A$, $T$ be Kristin's annual income and the income tax total, respectively. Notice that \begin{align*} T &= p\%\cdot28000 + (p + 2)\%\cdot(A - 28000) \\ &= [p\%\cdot28000 + p\%\cdot(A - 28000)] + 2\%\cdot(A - 28000) \\ &= p\%\cdot A + 2\%\cdot(A - 28000) \end{align*} We are also given that $$T = (p + 0.25)\%\cdot A = p\%\cdot A + 0.25\%\cdot A$$ Thus, $$p\%\cdot A + 2\%\cdot(A - 28000) = p\%\cdot A + 0.25\%\cdot A$$ $$2\%\cdot(A - 28000) = 0.25\%\cdot A$$ Solve for $A$ to obtain $A = \boxed{\textbf{(B) }\textdollar 32000}$.

~ Nafer

## Video Solution by Daily Dose of Math

~Thesmartgreekmathdude

 2001 AMC 12 (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) Preceded byProblem 2 Followed byProblem 4 1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions
 2001 AMC 10 (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) Preceded byProblem 8 Followed byProblem 10 1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions