2001 AMC 10 Problems/Problem 6

The following problem is from both the 2001 AMC 12 #2 and 2001 AMC 10 #6, so both problems redirect to this page.

Problem

Let $P(n)$ and $S(n)$ denote the product and the sum, respectively, of the digits of the integer $n$. For example, $P(23) = 6$ and $S(23) = 5$. Suppose $N$ is a two-digit number such that $N = P(N)+S(N)$. What is the units digit of $N$?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 2\qquad \textbf{(B)}\ 3\qquad \textbf{(C)}\ 6\qquad \textbf{(D)}\ 8\qquad \textbf{(E)}\ 9$

Solution

Denote $a$ and $b$ as the tens and units digit of $N$, respectively. Then $N = 10a+b$. It follows that $10a+b=ab+a+b$, which implies that $9a=ab$. Since $a\neq0$, $b=9$. So the units digit of $N$ is $\boxed{(\text{E})\ 9}$.

See Also

2001 AMC 10 (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 5
Followed by
Problem 7
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions
2001 AMC 12 (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 1
Followed by
Problem 3
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions

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