2003 AIME II Problems/Problem 14
Let and be points on the coordinate plane. Let be a convex equilateral hexagon such that and the y-coordinates of its vertices are distinct elements of the set The area of the hexagon can be written in the form where and are positive integers and n is not divisible by the square of any prime. Find
The y-coordinate of must be . All other cases yield non-convex and/or degenerate hexagons, which violate the problem statement.
Letting , and knowing that , we can use rewrite using complex numbers: . We solve for and and find that and that .
The area of the hexagon can then be found as the sum of the areas of two congruent triangles ( and , with height and base ) and a parallelogram (, with height and base ).
From this image, we can see that the y-coordinate of F is 4, and from this, we can gather that the coordinates of E, D, and C, respectively, are 8, 10, and 6.
An image is supposed to go here. You can help us out by creating one and. Thanks.
In this image, we have drawn perpendiculars to the -axis from F and B, and have labeled the angle between the -axis and segment . Thus, the angle between the -axis and segment is so, . Expanding, we have
Isolating we see that , or . Using the fact that , we have , or . Letting the side length of the hexagon be , we have . After simplification we see that .
The following is incorrect as the hexagon is NOT regular (although it is equilateral). The previous work IS correct, so I am leaving it as part of an incomplete solution
The area of the hexagon is , so the area of the hexagon is , or .
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