2003 AIME II Problems/Problem 7

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Find the area of rhombus $ABCD$ given that the circumradii of triangles $ABD$ and $ACD$ are $12.5$ and $25$, respectively.


The diagonals of the rhombus perpendicularly bisect each other. Call half of diagonal BD $a$ and half of diagonal AC $b$. The length of the four sides of the rhombus is $\sqrt{a^2+b^2}$.

The area of any triangle can be expressed as $\frac{a\cdot b\cdot c}{4R}$, where $a$, $b$, and $c$ are the sides and $R$ is the circumradius. Thus, the area of $\triangle ABD$ is $ab=2a(a^2+b^2)/(4\cdot12.5)$. Also, the area of $\triangle ABC$ is $ab=2b(a^2+b^2)/(4\cdot25)$. Setting these two expressions equal to each other and simplifying gives $b=2a$. Substitution yields $a=10$ and $b=20$, so the area of the rhombus is $20\cdot40/2=\boxed{400}$.

Solution 2

Let $\theta=\angle BDA$. Let $AB=BC=CD=x$. By the extended law of sines, \[\frac{x}{\sin\theta}=25\] Since $AC\perp BD$, $\angle CAD=90-\theta$, so \[\frac{x}{\sin(90-\theta)=\cos\theta}=50\] Hence $x=25\sin\theta=50\cos\theta$. Solving $\tan\theta=2$, $\sin\theta=\frac{2}{\sqrt{5}}, \cos\theta=\frac{1}{\sqrt{5}}$. Thus \[x=25\frac{2}{\sqrt{5}}\implies x^2=500\] The height of the rhombus is $x\sin(2\theta)=2x\sin\theta\cos\theta$, so we want \[2x^2\sin\theta\cos\theta=\boxed{400}\]


Video Solution by Sal Khan

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jpKjXtywTlQ&list=PLSQl0a2vh4HCtW1EiNlfW_YoNAA38D0l4&index=16 - AMBRIGGS

See also

2003 AIME II (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 6
Followed by
Problem 8
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All AIME Problems and Solutions

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