2003 AMC 12B Problems/Problem 8

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The following problem is from both the 2003 AMC 12B #8 and 2003 AMC 10B #13, so both problems redirect to this page.

Problem

Let $\clubsuit(x)$ denote the sum of the digits of the positive integer $x$. For example, $\clubsuit(8)=8$ and $\clubsuit(123)=1+2+3=6$. For how many two-digit values of $x$ is $\clubsuit(\clubsuit(x))=3$?

$\textbf{(A) } 3 \qquad\textbf{(B) } 4 \qquad\textbf{(C) } 6 \qquad\textbf{(D) } 9 \qquad\textbf{(E) } 10$

Solution

Let $y=\clubsuit (x)$. Since $x \leq 99$, we have $y \leq 18$. Thus if $\clubsuit (y)=3$, then $y=3$ or $y=12$. The 3 values of $x$ for which $\clubsuit (x)=3$ are 12, 21, and 30, and the 7 values of $x$ for which $\clubsuit (x)=12$ are 39, 48, 57, 66, 75, 84, and 93. There are $\boxed{E=10}$ values in all.

See Also

2003 AMC 12B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 7
Followed by
Problem 9
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions
2003 AMC 10B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 12
Followed by
Problem 14
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions

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