Difference between revisions of "2004 AIME I Problems/Problem 4"

m (AIME box)
m (Solution: asy)
Line 4: Line 4:
 
== Solution ==
 
== Solution ==
 
Without loss of generality, let <math>(0,0)</math>, <math>(2,0)</math>, <math>(0,2)</math>, and <math>(2,2)</math> be the [[vertex | vertices]] of the square. Suppose the endpoints of the segment lie on the two sides of the square determined by the vertex <math>(0,0)</math>.  Let the two endpoints of the segment have coordinates <math>(x,0)</math> and <math>(0,y)</math>. Because the segment has length 2, <math>x^2+y^2=4</math>. Using the midpoint formula, we find that the midpoint of the segment has coordinates <math>\left(\frac{x}{2},\frac{y}{2}\right)</math>. Let <math>d</math> be the distance from <math>(0,0)</math> to <math>\left(\frac{x}{2},\frac{y}{2}\right)</math>. Using the [[distance formula]] we see that <math>d=\sqrt{\left(\frac{x}{2}\right)^2+\left(\frac{y}{2}\right)^2}=
 
Without loss of generality, let <math>(0,0)</math>, <math>(2,0)</math>, <math>(0,2)</math>, and <math>(2,2)</math> be the [[vertex | vertices]] of the square. Suppose the endpoints of the segment lie on the two sides of the square determined by the vertex <math>(0,0)</math>.  Let the two endpoints of the segment have coordinates <math>(x,0)</math> and <math>(0,y)</math>. Because the segment has length 2, <math>x^2+y^2=4</math>. Using the midpoint formula, we find that the midpoint of the segment has coordinates <math>\left(\frac{x}{2},\frac{y}{2}\right)</math>. Let <math>d</math> be the distance from <math>(0,0)</math> to <math>\left(\frac{x}{2},\frac{y}{2}\right)</math>. Using the [[distance formula]] we see that <math>d=\sqrt{\left(\frac{x}{2}\right)^2+\left(\frac{y}{2}\right)^2}=
\sqrt{\frac{1}{4}\left(x^2+y^2\right)}=\sqrt{\frac{1}{4}(4)}=1</math>. Thus the midpoints lying on the sides determined by vertex <math>(0,0)</math> form a quarter-[[circle]] with [[radius]] 1.  The set of all midpoints forms a quarter circle at each corner of the square.  The area enclosed by all of the midpoints is <math>4-4\cdot \left(\frac{\pi}{4}\right)=4-\pi \approx .86</math> to the nearest hundredth. Thus <math>100\cdot k=086</math>
+
\sqrt{\frac{1}{4}\left(x^2+y^2\right)}=\sqrt{\frac{1}{4}(4)}=1</math>. Thus the midpoints lying on the sides determined by vertex <math>(0,0)</math> form a quarter-[[circle]] with [[radius]] 1.   
 +
<center><asy>
 +
size(100);
 +
pointpen=black;pathpen = black+linewidth(0.7);
 +
pair A=(0,0),B=(2,0),C=(2,2),D=(0,2);
 +
D(A--B--C--D--A);
 +
picture p;
 +
draw(p,CR(A,1));draw(p,CR(B,1));draw(p,CR(C,1));draw(p,CR(D,1));
 +
clip(p,A--B--C--D--cycle);
 +
add(p);
 +
</asy></center>
 +
The set of all midpoints forms a quarter circle at each corner of the square.  The area enclosed by all of the midpoints is <math>4-4\cdot \left(\frac{\pi}{4}\right)=4-\pi \approx .86</math> to the nearest hundredth. Thus <math>100\cdot k=086</math>
  
 
== See also ==
 
== See also ==

Revision as of 17:38, 7 June 2008

Problem

A square has sides of length 2. Set $S$ is the set of all line segments that have length 2 and whose endpoints are on adjacent sides of the square. The midpoints of the line segments in set $S$ enclose a region whose area to the nearest hundredth is $k$. Find $100k$.

Solution

Without loss of generality, let $(0,0)$, $(2,0)$, $(0,2)$, and $(2,2)$ be the vertices of the square. Suppose the endpoints of the segment lie on the two sides of the square determined by the vertex $(0,0)$. Let the two endpoints of the segment have coordinates $(x,0)$ and $(0,y)$. Because the segment has length 2, $x^2+y^2=4$. Using the midpoint formula, we find that the midpoint of the segment has coordinates $\left(\frac{x}{2},\frac{y}{2}\right)$. Let $d$ be the distance from $(0,0)$ to $\left(\frac{x}{2},\frac{y}{2}\right)$. Using the distance formula we see that $d=\sqrt{\left(\frac{x}{2}\right)^2+\left(\frac{y}{2}\right)^2}= \sqrt{\frac{1}{4}\left(x^2+y^2\right)}=\sqrt{\frac{1}{4}(4)}=1$. Thus the midpoints lying on the sides determined by vertex $(0,0)$ form a quarter-circle with radius 1.

[asy] size(100); pointpen=black;pathpen = black+linewidth(0.7); pair A=(0,0),B=(2,0),C=(2,2),D=(0,2); D(A--B--C--D--A);  picture p; draw(p,CR(A,1));draw(p,CR(B,1));draw(p,CR(C,1));draw(p,CR(D,1)); clip(p,A--B--C--D--cycle); add(p); [/asy]

The set of all midpoints forms a quarter circle at each corner of the square. The area enclosed by all of the midpoints is $4-4\cdot \left(\frac{\pi}{4}\right)=4-\pi \approx .86$ to the nearest hundredth. Thus $100\cdot k=086$

See also

2004 AIME I (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 3
Followed by
Problem 5
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
All AIME Problems and Solutions
Invalid username
Login to AoPS