Difference between revisions of "2004 AMC 12B Problems/Problem 4"
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The digit <math>7</math> can be either the tens digit (<math>70, 71, \dots, 79</math>: <math>10</math> possibilities), or the ones digit (<math>17, 27, \dots, 97</math>: <math>9</math> possibilities), but we counted the number <math>77</math> twice. This means that out of the <math>90</math> two-digit numbers, <math>10+9-1=18</math> have at least one digit equal to <math>7</math>. Therefore the probability is <math>\dfrac{18}{90} = \boxed{\dfrac{1}{5}} \Longrightarrow \mathrm{(B)}</math>. | The digit <math>7</math> can be either the tens digit (<math>70, 71, \dots, 79</math>: <math>10</math> possibilities), or the ones digit (<math>17, 27, \dots, 97</math>: <math>9</math> possibilities), but we counted the number <math>77</math> twice. This means that out of the <math>90</math> two-digit numbers, <math>10+9-1=18</math> have at least one digit equal to <math>7</math>. Therefore the probability is <math>\dfrac{18}{90} = \boxed{\dfrac{1}{5}} \Longrightarrow \mathrm{(B)}</math>. | ||
+ | == Solution 2 == | ||
By complementary counting, we count the numbers that do not contain a <math>7</math>, then subtract from the total. There is a <math>\frac{8}{9}\cdot\frac{9}{10}</math> probability of choosing a number that does NOT contain a <math>7</math>. Subtract this from <math>1</math> and simplify yields <math>1 - \frac{8}{9}\cdot\frac{9}{10} = \frac{90}{90} - \frac{72}{90} = \frac{18}{90} = \frac{1}{5}</math>. | By complementary counting, we count the numbers that do not contain a <math>7</math>, then subtract from the total. There is a <math>\frac{8}{9}\cdot\frac{9}{10}</math> probability of choosing a number that does NOT contain a <math>7</math>. Subtract this from <math>1</math> and simplify yields <math>1 - \frac{8}{9}\cdot\frac{9}{10} = \frac{90}{90} - \frac{72}{90} = \frac{18}{90} = \frac{1}{5}</math>. | ||
Latest revision as of 14:24, 26 October 2020
Contents
Problem
An integer , with , is to be chosen. If all choices are equally likely, what is the probability that at least one digit of is a 7?
Solution
The digit can be either the tens digit (: possibilities), or the ones digit (: possibilities), but we counted the number twice. This means that out of the two-digit numbers, have at least one digit equal to . Therefore the probability is .
Solution 2
By complementary counting, we count the numbers that do not contain a , then subtract from the total. There is a probability of choosing a number that does NOT contain a . Subtract this from and simplify yields .
See Also
2004 AMC 12B (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | |
Preceded by Problem 3 |
Followed by Problem 5 |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | |
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions |
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