2009 AIME II Problems/Problem 2

Revision as of 07:40, 7 April 2009 by Misof (talk | contribs) (New page: == Problem == Suppose that <math>a</math>, <math>b</math>, and <math>c</math> are positive real numbers such that <math>a^{\log_3 7} = 27</math>, <math>b^{\log_7 11} = 49</math>, and <math...)
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Problem

Suppose that $a$, $b$, and $c$ are positive real numbers such that $a^{\log_3 7} = 27$, $b^{\log_7 11} = 49$, and $c^{\log_{11}25} = \sqrt{11}$. Find \[a^{(\log_3 7)^2} + b^{(\log_7 11)^2} + c^{(\log_{11} 25)^2}.\]

Solution

First, we have: \[x^{(\log_y z)^2} = x^{\left( (\log_y z)^2 \right) } = x^{(\log_y z) \cdot (\log_y z) } = \left( x^{\log_y z} \right)^{\log_y z}\]

Now, let $x=y^w$, then we have: \[x^{\log_y z}  = \left( y^w \right)^{\log_y z}  = y^{w\log_y z}  = y^{\log_y (z^w)}  = z^w\]

This is all we need to evaluate the given formula. Note that in our case we have $27=3^3$, $49=7^2$, and $\sqrt{11}=11^{1/2}$. We can now compute:

\[a^{(\log_3 7)^2} = \left( a^{\log_3 7} \right)^{\log_3 7} = 27^{\log_3 7} = (3^3)^{\log_3 7} = 7^3 = 343\]

Similarly, we get \[b^{(\log_7 11)^2}  = (7^2)^{\log_7 11} = 11^2  = 121\]

and \[c^{(\log_{11} 25)^2} = (11^{1/2})^{\log_{11} 25} = 25^{1/2} = 5\]

and therefore the answer is $343+121+5 = \boxed{469}$.

See Also

2009 AIME II (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 1
Followed by
Problem 3
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