Difference between revisions of "2009 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 10"

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== Solution ==
 
== Solution ==
  
It is a well-known fact that in any right triangle <math>ABC</math> with the right angle at <math>B</math> and <math>D</math> the foot of the altitude from <math>B</math> onto <math>AC</math> we have <math>BD^2 = AD\cdot CD</math>. (See below for a proof.) Then <math>BD = \sqrt{ 3\cdot 4 } = 2\sqrt 3</math>, and the area of the triangle <math>ABC</math> is <math>\frac{AC\cdot BD}2 = \boxed{7\sqrt 3}</math>.
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It is a well-known fact that in any right triangle <math>ABC</math> with the right angle at <math>B</math> and <math>D</math> the foot of the altitude from <math>B</math> onto <math>AC</math> we have <math>BD^2 = AD\cdot CD</math>. (See below for a proof.) Then <math>BD = \sqrt{ 3\cdot 4 } = 2\sqrt 3</math>, and the area of the triangle <math>ABC</math> is <math>\frac{AC\cdot BD}2 = 7\sqrt3\Rightarrow\boxed{\text{(B)}}</math>.
  
 
''Proof'': Consider the [[Pythagorean theorem]] for each of the triangles <math>ABC</math>, <math>ABD</math>, and <math>CBD</math>. We get:
 
''Proof'': Consider the [[Pythagorean theorem]] for each of the triangles <math>ABC</math>, <math>ABD</math>, and <math>CBD</math>. We get:

Revision as of 20:24, 2 November 2012

Problem

Triangle $ABC$ has a right angle at $B$. Point $D$ is the foot of the altitude from $B$, $AD=3$, and $DC=4$. What is the area of $\triangle ABC$?

[asy] unitsize(5mm); defaultpen(linewidth(.8pt)+fontsize(8pt)); dotfactor=4;  pair B=(0,0), C=(sqrt(28),0), A=(0,sqrt(21)); pair D=foot(B,A,C); pair[] ps={B,C,A,D};  draw(A--B--C--cycle); draw(B--D); draw(rightanglemark(B,D,C));  dot(ps); label("$A$",A,NW); label("$B$",B,SW); label("$C$",C,SE); label("$D$",D,NE); label("$3$",midpoint(A--D),NE); label("$4$",midpoint(D--C),NE); [/asy]

$\mathrm{(A)}\ 4\sqrt3 \qquad \mathrm{(B)}\ 7\sqrt3 \qquad \mathrm{(C)}\ 21 \qquad \mathrm{(D)}\ 14\sqrt3  \qquad \mathrm{(E)}\ 42$

Solution

It is a well-known fact that in any right triangle $ABC$ with the right angle at $B$ and $D$ the foot of the altitude from $B$ onto $AC$ we have $BD^2 = AD\cdot CD$. (See below for a proof.) Then $BD = \sqrt{ 3\cdot 4 } = 2\sqrt 3$, and the area of the triangle $ABC$ is $\frac{AC\cdot BD}2 = 7\sqrt3\Rightarrow\boxed{\text{(B)}}$.

Proof: Consider the Pythagorean theorem for each of the triangles $ABC$, $ABD$, and $CBD$. We get:

  1. $AB^2 + BC^2 = AC^2 = (AD+DC)^2 = AD^2 + DC^2 + 2 \cdot AD \cdot DC$.
  2. $AB^2 = AD^2 + BD^2$
  3. $BC^2 = BD^2 + CD^2$

Substituting equations 2 and 3 into the left hand side of equation 1, we get $BD^2 =  AD \cdot DC$.

Alternatively, note that $\triangle ABD \sim \triangle BCD \Longrightarrow \frac{AD}{BD} = \frac{BD}{CD}$. $\blacksquare$

See Also

2009 AMC 10A (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 9
Followed by
Problem 11
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions
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