2011 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 10

Revision as of 20:24, 10 February 2011 by Kubluck (talk | contribs) (Solution)


A pair of standard $6$-sided dice is rolled once. The sum of the numbers rolled determines the diameter of a circle. What is the probability that the numerical value of the area of the circle is less than the numerical value of the circle's circumference?

$\textbf{(A)}\ \frac{1}{36} \qquad \textbf{(B)}\ \frac{1}{12} \qquad \textbf{(C)}\ \frac{1}{6} \qquad \textbf{(D)}\ \frac{1}{4} \qquad \textbf{(E)}\ \frac{5}{18}$


For the circumference to be greater than the area, we must have $\pi d > \pi \left( \frac{d}{2} \right) ^2$, or $d<4$. Now since $d$ is determined by a sum of two dice, the only possibilities for $d$ are thus $2$ and $3$. In order for two dice to sum to $2$, they most both show a value of $1$. The probability of this happening is $\frac{1}{6} \times \frac{1}{6} = \frac{1}{36}$. In order for two dice to sum to $3$, one must show a $1$ and the other must show a $2$. Since this can happen in two ways, the probability of this event occurring is $2 \times \frac{1}{6} \times \frac{1}{6} = \frac{2}{36}$. The sum of these two probabilities now gives the final answer: $\frac{1}{36} + \frac{2}{36} = \frac{3}{36} = \frac{1}{12} \rightarrow \boxed{\textbf{B}}$

See also

2011 AMC 12A (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 9
Followed by
Problem 11
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All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions
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