# Difference between revisions of "2011 AMC 12B Problems/Problem 13"

## Problem

Brian writes down four integers $w > x > y > z$ whose sum is $44$. The pairwise positive differences of these numbers are $1, 3, 4, 5, 6$ and $9$. What is the sum of the possible values of $w$? $\textbf{(A)}\ 16 \qquad \textbf{(B)}\ 31 \qquad \textbf{(C)}\ 48 \qquad \textbf{(D)}\ 62 \qquad \textbf{(E)}\ 93$

## Solution

Assume that $y-z=a, x-y=b, w-x=c.$ $w-z$ results in the greatest pairwise difference, and thus it is $9$. This means $a+b+c=9$. $a,b,c$ must be in the set ${1,3,4,5,6}$. The only way for 3 numbers in the set to add up to 9 is if they are $1,3,5$. $a+b$, and $b+c$ then must be the remaining two numbers which are $4$ and $6$. The ordering of $(a,b,c)$ must be either $(3,1,5)$ or $(5,1,3)$.

Case 1 $(a,b,c)=(3,1,5)\\ x=w-5\\ y=w-5-1\\ x=w-5-1-3\\ w+x+y+z=4w-20=44\\ w=16\$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Missing \$ inserted.)

Case 2 $(a,b,c)=(5,1,3)\\ x=w-3\\ y=w-3-1\\ x=w-3-1-5\\ w+x+y+z=4w-16=44\\ w=15$

The sum of the two w's is $15+16=31$ $\boxed{B}$

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