# Difference between revisions of "2015 AMC 10A Problems"

## Problem 1

What is the value of $(2^0-1+5^2-0)^{-1}\times5?$

## Problem 3

Ann made a 3-step staircase using 18 toothpicks. How many toothpicks does she need to add to complete a 5-step staircase?

## Problem 5

Mr. Patrick teaches math to $15$ students. He was grading tests and found that when he graded everyone's test except Payton's, the average grade for the class was $80$. After he graded Payton's test, the test average became $81$. What was Payton's score on the test?

## Problem 7

How many terms are there in the arithmetic sequence $13$, $16$, $19$, . . ., $70$, $73$?

## Problem 9

Two right circular cylinders have the same volume. The radius of the second cylinder is $10\%$ more than the radius of the first. What is the relationship between the heights of the two cylinders?

## Problem 11

The ratio of the length to the width of a rectangle is $4$ : $3$. If the rectangle has diagonal of length $d$, then the area may be expressed as $kd^2$ for some constant $k$. What is $k$?

$\textbf{(A)}\ \frac{2}{7}\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{3}{7}\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{12}{25}\qquad\textbf{(D)}}\ \frac{16}{25}\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \frac{3}{4}$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Extra }, or forgotten \$.)

## Problem 12

Points $(\sqrt{\pi}, a)$ and $(\sqrt{\pi}, b)$ are distinct points on the graph of $y^2+x^4=2x^2y+1$. What is $|a-b|$?

$\textbf{(A) }1\qquad\textbf{(B) }\dfrac{\pi}{2}\qquad\textbf{(C) }2\qquad\textbf{(D) }\sqrt{1+\pi}\qquad\textbf{(E) }1+\sqrt{\pi}$

## Problem 13

Claudia has 12 coins, each of which is a 5-cent coin or a 10-cent coin. There are exactly 17 different values that can be obtained as combinations of one or more of her coins. How many 10-cent coins does Claudia have?

$\textbf{(A) }3\qquad\textbf{(B) }4\qquad\textbf{(C) }5\qquad\textbf{(D) }6\qquad\textbf{(E) }7$

## Problem 14

The diagram below shows the circular face of a clock with radius $20$ cm and a circular disk with radius $10$ cm externally tangent to the clock face at $12$ o'clock. The disk has an arrow painted on it, initially pointing in the upward vertical direction. Let the disk roll clockwise around the clock face. At what point on the clock face will the disk be tangent when the arrow is next pointing in the upward vertical direction.

(it kinda looks something like this, imagine the numbers on the clock)

[asy] draw(Circle((0,0), 2)); draw(Circle((0,3), 1)); draw((0,2.5)--(0,3.5)); draw((-0.25,3.25)--(0,3.5)--(0.25,3.25)); [/asy]

$\textbf{(A) }\mathrm{2 o'clock} \qquad\textbf{(B) }\mathrm{3 o'clock} \qquad\textbf{(C) }\mathrm{4 o'clock} \qquad\textbf{(D) }\mathrm{6 o'clock} \qquad\textbf{(E) }\mathrm{8 o'clock}$

## Problem 15

Consider the set of all fractions $\tfrac{x}{y},$ where $x$ and $y$ are relatively prime positive integers. How many of these fractions have the property that if both numerator and denominator are increased by $1$, the value of the fraction is increased by $10\%$?

$\textbf{(A) }0\qquad\textbf{(B) }1\qquad\textbf{(C) }2\qquad\textbf{(D) }3\qquad\textbf{(E) }\text{infinitely many}$

## Problem 16

If $y+4 = (x-2)^2, x+4 = (y-2)^2$, and $x \neq y$, what is the value of $x^2+y^2$?

$\textbf{(A) }10\qquad\textbf{(B) }15\qquad\textbf{(C) }20\qquad\textbf{(D) }25\qquad\textbf{(E) }\text{30}$

## Problem 17

A line that passes through the origin intersects both the line $x=1$ and the line $y=1+\frac{\sqrt{3}}{3}x$. The three lines create an equilateral triangle. What is the perimeter of the triangle?

$\textbf{(A) }2\sqrt{6}\qquad\textbf{(B) }2+2\sqrt{3}\qquad\textbf{(C) }6\qquad\textbf{(D) }3+2\sqrt{3}\qquad\textbf{(E) }6+\frac{\sqrt{3}}{3}$

## Problem 18

Hexadecimal (base-16) numbers are written using numeric digits $0$ through $9$ as well as the letters $A$ through $F$ to represent $10$ through $15$. Among the first $1000$ positive integers, there are $n$ whose hexadecimal representation contains only numeric digits. What is the sum of the digits of $n$?

$\textbf{(A) }17\qquad\textbf{(B) }18\qquad\textbf{(C) }19\qquad\textbf{(D) }20\qquad\textbf{(E) }21$

## Problem 19

The isosceles right triangle $ABC$ has right angle at $C$ and area $12.5$. The rays trisecting $\angle ACB$ intersect $AB$ at $D$ and $E$. What is the area of $\bigtriangleup CDE$?

$\textbf{(A) }\dfrac{5\sqrt{2}}{3}\qquad\textbf{(B) }\dfrac{50\sqrt{3}-75}{4}\qquad\textbf{(C) }\dfrac{15\sqrt{3}}{8}\qquad\textbf{(D) }\dfrac{50-25\sqrt{3}}{2}\qquad\textbf{(E) }\dfrac{25}{6}$

## Problem 20

A rectangle has area $A$ $\text{cm}^2$ and perimeter $P$ $\text{cm}$, where $A$ and $P$ are positive integers. Which of the following numbers cannot equal $A+P$?

$\textbf{(A) }100\qquad\textbf{(B) }102\qquad\textbf{(C) }104\qquad\textbf{(D) }106\qquad\textbf{(E) }108$

## Problem 21

Tetrahedron $ABCD$ has $AB=5$, $AC=3$, $BC=4$, $BD=4$, $AD=3$, and $CD=\tfrac{12}5\sqrt2$. What is the volume of the tetrahedron?

$\textbf{(A) }3\sqrt2\qquad\textbf{(B) }2\sqrt5\qquad\textbf{(C) }\dfrac{24}5\qquad\textbf{(D) }3\sqrt3\qquad\textbf{(E) }\dfrac{24}5\sqrt2$

## Problem 22

Eight people are sitting around a circular table, each holding a fair coin. All eight people flip their coins and those who flip heads stand while those who flip tails remain seated. What is the probability that no two adjacent people will stand?

$\textbf{(A)}\dfrac{47}{256}\qquad\textbf{(B)}\dfrac{3}{16}\qquad\textbf{(C) }\dfrac{49}{256}\qquad\textbf{(D) }\dfrac{25}{128}\qquad\textbf{(E) }\dfrac{51}{256}$

## Problem 23

The zeros of the function $f(x)=x^2-ax+2a$ are integers. What is the sum of the possible values of $a$?

$\textbf{(A) }7\qquad\textbf{(B) }8\qquad\textbf{(C) }16\qquad\textbf{(D) }17\qquad\textbf{(E) }18$

## Problem 24

For some positive integers $p$, there is a quadrilateral $ABCD$ with positive integer side lengths, perimeter $p$, right angles at $B$ and $C$, $AB=2$, and $CD=AD$. How many different values of $p<2015$ are possible?

$\textbf{(A) }30\qquad\textbf{(B) }31\qquad\textbf{(C) }61\qquad\textbf{(D) }62\qquad\textbf{(E) }63$

## Problem 25

Let $S$ be a square of side length $1$. Two points are chosen independently at random on the sides of $S$. The probability that the straight-line distance between the points is at least $\tfrac12$ is $\tfrac{a-b\pi}c$, where $a$, $b$, and $c$ are positive integers with $\gcd(a,b,c)=1$. What is $a+b+c$?

$\textbf{(A) }59\qquad\textbf{(B) }60\qquad\textbf{(C) }61\qquad\textbf{(D) }62\qquad\textbf{(E) }63$