Difference between revisions of "2015 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 17"

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==Problem==
 
==Problem==
  
A line that passes through the origin in tersects both the line <math> x = 1</math> and the line <math>y=1+ \frac{\sqrt{3}}{3} x</math>. The three lines create an equilateral triangle. What is the perimeter of the triangle?
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A line that passes through the origin intersects both the line <math> x = 1</math> and the line <math>y=1+ \frac{\sqrt{3}}{3} x</math>. The three lines create an equilateral triangle. What is the perimeter of the triangle?
  
 
<math> \textbf{(A)}\ 2\sqrt{6} \qquad\textbf{(B)} \ 2+2\sqrt{3} \qquad\textbf{(C)} \ 6 \qquad\textbf{(D)} \ 3 + 2\sqrt{3} \qquad\textbf{(E)} \ 6 + \frac{\sqrt{3}}{3} </math>
 
<math> \textbf{(A)}\ 2\sqrt{6} \qquad\textbf{(B)} \ 2+2\sqrt{3} \qquad\textbf{(C)} \ 6 \qquad\textbf{(D)} \ 3 + 2\sqrt{3} \qquad\textbf{(E)} \ 6 + \frac{\sqrt{3}}{3} </math>
  
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==Solution 1==
  
==Solution==
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Since the triangle is equilateral and one of the sides is a vertical line, the triangle must have a horizontal line of symmetry, and therefore the other two sides will have opposite slopes. The slope of the other given line is <math>\frac{\sqrt{3}}{3}</math> so the third must be <math>-\frac{\sqrt{3}}{3}</math>. Since this third line passes through the origin, its equation is simply <math>y = -\frac{\sqrt{3}}{3}x</math>. To find two vertices of the triangle, plug in <math>x=1</math> to both the other equations.
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<math>y = -\frac{\sqrt{3}}{3}</math>
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<math>y = 1 + \frac{\sqrt{3}}{3}</math>
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We now have the coordinates of two vertices, <math>\left(1, -\frac{\sqrt{3}}{3}\right)</math> and <math>\left(1, 1 + \frac{\sqrt{3}}{3}\right)</math>. The length of one side is the distance between the y-coordinates, or <math>1 +  \frac{2\sqrt{3}}{3}</math>.
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The perimeter of the triangle is thus <math>3\left(1 +  \frac{2\sqrt{3}}{3}\right)</math>, so the answer is <math>\boxed{\textbf{(D) }3 + 2\sqrt{3}}</math>
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==Solution 2==
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Draw a line from the y-intercept of the equation  <math>y=1+ \frac{\sqrt{3}}{3} x</math> perpendicular to the line <math>x=1</math>. There is a square of side length 1 inscribed in the equilateral triangle. The problem becomes reduced to finding the perimeter of an equilateral triangle with a square of side length 1 inscribed in it. The side length is <math>2\left(\frac{1}{\sqrt{3}}\right) + 1</math>. After multiplying the side length by 3 and rationalizing, you get <math>\boxed{\textbf{(D) }3 + 2\sqrt{3}}</math>.
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==Video Solution==
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https://youtu.be/-l1Kawq_hds
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~savannahsolver
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==See Also==
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Video Solution:
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https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2kvSRL8KMac
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{{AMC10 box|year=2015|ab=A|num-b=16|num-a=18}}
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{{MAA Notice}}a

Latest revision as of 15:44, 31 January 2021

Problem

A line that passes through the origin intersects both the line $x = 1$ and the line $y=1+ \frac{\sqrt{3}}{3} x$. The three lines create an equilateral triangle. What is the perimeter of the triangle?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 2\sqrt{6} \qquad\textbf{(B)} \ 2+2\sqrt{3} \qquad\textbf{(C)} \ 6 \qquad\textbf{(D)} \ 3 + 2\sqrt{3} \qquad\textbf{(E)} \ 6 + \frac{\sqrt{3}}{3}$

Solution 1

Since the triangle is equilateral and one of the sides is a vertical line, the triangle must have a horizontal line of symmetry, and therefore the other two sides will have opposite slopes. The slope of the other given line is $\frac{\sqrt{3}}{3}$ so the third must be $-\frac{\sqrt{3}}{3}$. Since this third line passes through the origin, its equation is simply $y = -\frac{\sqrt{3}}{3}x$. To find two vertices of the triangle, plug in $x=1$ to both the other equations.

$y = -\frac{\sqrt{3}}{3}$

$y = 1 + \frac{\sqrt{3}}{3}$

We now have the coordinates of two vertices, $\left(1, -\frac{\sqrt{3}}{3}\right)$ and $\left(1, 1 + \frac{\sqrt{3}}{3}\right)$. The length of one side is the distance between the y-coordinates, or $1 +  \frac{2\sqrt{3}}{3}$.

The perimeter of the triangle is thus $3\left(1 +  \frac{2\sqrt{3}}{3}\right)$, so the answer is $\boxed{\textbf{(D) }3 + 2\sqrt{3}}$

Solution 2

Draw a line from the y-intercept of the equation $y=1+ \frac{\sqrt{3}}{3} x$ perpendicular to the line $x=1$. There is a square of side length 1 inscribed in the equilateral triangle. The problem becomes reduced to finding the perimeter of an equilateral triangle with a square of side length 1 inscribed in it. The side length is $2\left(\frac{1}{\sqrt{3}}\right) + 1$. After multiplying the side length by 3 and rationalizing, you get $\boxed{\textbf{(D) }3 + 2\sqrt{3}}$.

Video Solution

https://youtu.be/-l1Kawq_hds

~savannahsolver

See Also

Video Solution:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2kvSRL8KMac


2015 AMC 10A (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 16
Followed by
Problem 18
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All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions

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