# 2018 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 15

## Problem 15

In the diagram below, a diameter of each of the two smaller circles is a radius of the larger circle. If the two smaller circles have a combined area of $1$ square unit, then what is the area of the shaded region, in square units? $[asy] size(4cm); filldraw(scale(2)*unitcircle,gray,black); filldraw(shift(-1,0)*unitcircle,white,black); filldraw(shift(1,0)*unitcircle,white,black); [/asy]$ $\textbf{(A) } \frac{1}{4} \qquad \textbf{(B) } \frac{1}{3} \qquad \textbf{(C) } \frac{1}{2} \qquad \textbf{(D) } 1 \qquad \textbf{(E) } \frac{\pi}{2}$

## Solution 1

Let the radius of the large circle be $R$. Then the radii of the smaller circles are $\frac R2$. The areas of the circles are directly proportional to the square of the radii, so the ratio of the area of the small circle to the large one is $\frac 14$. This means the combined area of the 2 smaller circles is half of the larger circle, and therefore the shaded region is equal to the combined area of the 2 smaller circles, which is $\boxed{\textbf{(D) } 1}$

## Solution 2

Let the radius of the two smaller circles be $r$. It follows that the area of one of the

smaller circles is ${\pi}r^2$. Thus, the area of the two inner circles combined would

evaluate to $2{\pi}r^2$ which is $1$. Since the radius of the bigger circle is two times

that of the smaller circles(the diameter), the radius of the larger circle in terms of $r$

would be $2r$. The area of the larger circle would come to $(2r)^2{\pi} = 4{\pi}r^2$.

Subtracting the area of the smaller circles from that of the larger circle(since that would

be the shaded region), we have $$4{\pi}r^2 - 2{\pi}r^2 = 2{\pi}r^2 = 1.$$

Therefore, the area of the shaded region is $\boxed{\textbf{(D) } 1}$

The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions. 