2021 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 17

Revision as of 12:16, 19 October 2021 by Mm999aops (talk | contribs) (Solution)

Problem

Ravon, Oscar, Aditi, Tyrone, and Kim play a card game. Each person is given $2$ cards out of a set of $10$ cards numbered $1,2,3, \dots,10.$ The score of a player is the sum of the numbers of their cards. The scores of the players are as follows: Ravon--$11,$ Oscar--$4,$ Aditi--$7,$ Tyrone--$16,$ Kim--$17.$ Which of the following statements is true?

$\textbf{(A) }\text{Ravon was given card 3.}$

$\textbf{(B) }\text{Aditi was given card 3.}$

$\textbf{(C) }\text{Ravon was given card 4.}$

$\textbf{(D) }\text{Aditi was given card 4.}$

$\textbf{(E) }\text{Tyrone was given card 7.}$

Solution

By logical deduction, we consider the scores from lowest to highest: \begin{align*} \text{Oscar's score is 4.} &\implies \text{Oscar is given cards 1 and 3.} \\ &\implies \text{Aditi is given cards 2 and 5.} \\ &\implies \text{Ravon is given cards 4 and 7.} && (\bigstar) \\ &\implies \text{Tyrone is given cards 6 and 10.} \\ &\implies \text{Kim is given cards 8 and 9.} \end{align*} Therefore, the answer is $\boxed{\textbf{(C) }\text{Ravon was given card 4.}}$ Note that if we didn't notice 4 can be composed of only 1 and 3, we can do casework from Ravon or Tyrone (only one of them can have the card numbered 10) and arrive at the same conclusions. Certainly, if we read the answer choices sooner, then we can stop at $(\bigstar)$ and pick $\textbf{(C)}.$

~smarty101 ~smartypantsno_3 ~SmileKat32 ~MRENTHUSIASM

Video Solution by OmegaLearn (Using Logical Deduction)

https://youtu.be/zO0EuKPXuT0

~ pi_is_3.14

Video Solution by TheBeautyofMath

https://youtu.be/FV9AnyERgJQ?t=284

~IceMatrix

Video Solution by Interstigation

https://youtu.be/8BPKs24eyes

~Interstigation

See Also

2021 AMC 10B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 16
Followed by
Problem 18
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions

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